Question: What is the purpose of using an electric switch? Name some electrical gadgets that have switches built into them.
Answer: A switch is an electric device that is used to complete or break an electric circuit. If the switch is ‘ON’, then a current can flow through the circuit. However, if the switch is ‘OFF’, then the current cannot flow through the circuit. Electrical appliances such as table fans, electric lamps, washing machines, juicers and mixers, TV, radio, etc. have switches built into them.
Question: Using the ‘conduction tester’ on an object, it was found that the bulb begins to glow. Is the object a conductor or an insulator? Explain.
Answer: When the two free ends of a conductor tester are touched with an object, then the bulb of the tester would glow if the object conducts electricity. However, the bulb would not glow if the object does not conduct electricity. Since the bulb glows when the tester is touched with the object, the object must conduct electricity. Hence, the object is a conductor.
Question: Why should an electrician use rubber gloves while repairing an electric switch at your home? Explain.
Answer: An electric switch is an electrical appliance. It conducts electricity through its internal parts. When its internal parts are touched with naked hands, then it may cause an electric shock. Therefore, it should be touched with rubber gloves in hand because rubber cannot conduct electricity. Hence, electricians wear rubber gloves while repairing a switch or any other electrical appliance.
Question: Handles of tools such as screwdrivers and pliers used by electricians for repair work usually have plastic or rubber cover on them. Can you explain why?
Answer: Rubber is a bad conductor of electricity. It does not allow current to flow through it. Hence, handles of tools such as screwdrivers, pliers, etc. which are used by electricians for repair work usually have plastic or rubber cover on them. This protects them from electric shocks.