Question: When and how was the site of Harappa first encountered?
Answer: Around a hundred and fifty years ago, when railway lines were being laid in Punjab, engineers stumbled upon the site of Harappa.
Question: How old are Harappa cities believed to be?
Answer: Harappa and other such cities are believed to have developed 4700 years ago.
Question: What was the citadel?
Answer: The western part of most cities was smaller but higher, described as ‘citadel’ by archaeologists.
Question: Give some important features of the Great Bath.
Answer: The Great Bath was lined with bricks, Coated with plaster, and made water tight with natural tar.
Question: Name two cities which had fire altars.
Answer: Lothal and Kalibangan were cities with fire altars.
Question: What were the three mayor categories of people in a Harappan city?
Answer: In Harappan cities, rulers, Crafts-persons and scribes were the three categories of people.
Question: What were objects in Harappan cities made of?
Answer: Most Harappan objects were made of stone, shell and metal.
Question: How do we know that cotton was grown in Mohenjodaro?
Answer: Archaeologists have found pieces of cloth with vases and other objects in Mohenjodaro. So cotton must have been grown.
Question: Who was a ‘specialist’ in Harappan context?
Answer: A specialist was one who was trained to do one kind of work, e.g. cutting stone, polishing beads, or carving seals.
Question: Define ‘raw material’.
Answer: Raw materials are substances that are either found naturally or produced by farmers or herders.
Question: Name some foreign countries from where raw materials were imported.
Question: What was the use of the plough?
Answer: A plough was used to dig the earth for turning the soil and planting seeds.
Question: Give one point of difference between Dholavira and other Harappan cities.
Answer: Unlike other Harappan cities which were divided into two parts, Dholavira was divided into three.
Question: Where did people move to from Sind?
Answer: People moved into newer and smaller settlements to the east and the south.
Question: What is the Indus Valley civilization also know as? Why?
Answer: The Indus Valley was also known as Harappan civilization as Harrapa was the first city to be excavated.