Question: Give two reasons why Indian textiles were renowned all over the world.
Answer: Their fine quality and beautiful craftsmanship made them renowned all over the world.
Question: Why were printed Indian cotton textiles I popular in England?
Answer: Printed Indian cotton textiles were popular in England for their exquisite floral designs, fine texture and relative cheapness.
Question: During which period patola weaving was famous?
Answer: It was famous during the mid-19th century.
Question: Name the origin of the word calico.
Question: Name the important centres of jamdani weaving.
Answer: Dacca in Bengal and Lucknow in the United Provinces (U.P.).
Question: Name two places where chintz were produced during the mid-19th century.
Answer: Masulipatnam and Andhra Pradesh.
Question: How did European trading companies purchase cotton and silk textiles in India?
Answer: European trading companies purchased cotton and silk textiles in India by importing silver.
Question: Name the household spinning instrument.
Answer: Charkha and takli.
Question: What did Mahatma Gandhi urge people during the national movement?
Answer: During the national movement Mahatma Gandhi urged people to boycott imported textiles and use hand-spun and hand-woven cloth.
Question: What became a symbol of nationalism?
Answer: Khadi became a symbol of nationalism.
Question: How did growth of cotton mills in the country prove to be a boon for the poor peasants, artisans and agricultural laborers?
Answer: They got work in the mills.
Question: How did Indian cotton factories prove to be helpful during the First .World War?
Answer: They began to produce cloth for military supplies.
Question: Why was Tipu’s sword so special?
Answer: Tipu’s sword was made of Wootz steel. Wootz steel when made into swords produced a very sharp edge that could easily rip through the opponent’s armour.
Question: Why was the Wootz steel making process completely lost by the mid- 19th century?
Answer: There are two reasons for it:
- The sword and armour making industry died with the conquest of India by the British.
- Imports of iron and steel from England displaced the iron and steel produced by craftsmen in India.
Question: What were the furnaces made of?
Answer. The furnaces were made of clay and sun-dried bricks.
Question: Why were bellows used?
Answer: Bellows were used to keep the charcoal burning.
Question: What were piece goods?
Answer: Piece goods were usually woven cloth pieces that were 20 yards long and 1 yard wide.