Wednesday , October 5 2022
NCERT 5th Class (CBSE) Science: Food and Health

NCERT 6th Class (CBSE) Science: Components of Food

Question: Difference between the two major two types of carbohydrates in food.

Answer: Sugar:

  1. Sugar is a simple carbohydrates.
  2. It is absorbed quickly.
  3. It is sweet.
  4. It does not change colour with the Iodine test.


  1. Starch is a complex carbohydrates.
  2. It is absorbed slowly.
  3. It is not sweet.
  4. It changes colour with the Iodine test.

Question: Ben (a football player) may need more carbohydrates in his diet than Sara (a computer programmer) Why?

Answer: Ben may need more carbohydrates in his diet than Sara because he needs more energy than Sara as he does more physical work.

Question: Diffrentiate between saturated and unsaturated.

Answer: Saturated:

  1. It is not good for health if eaten too much.
  2. It is solid at room temperature.
  3. Butter, ghee etc.


  1. It is liquid at room temperature.
  2. It is healthies than Saturated fat.
  3. Sunflower oil, Oliveoil etc.

Question: Why does our body need proteins?

Answer: We need proteins to:

  1. Repair body tissues and cells
  2. Form new cells
  3. For proper growth

Question: White the full form of the following-


  1. PEM: Protein Energy Malnutrition.
  2. ICDS: Integrated Child development Scheme.
  3. ORS: Oral rehydration solution.

Question: Why do you need minerals in our diet?

Answer: We need minerals in our diet because they keep us healthy and does important function like formation of bone, teeth and blood cells and helps in maintaining for a normal health beat.

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