Question: Name the six main nutrients present is food with one example of its source.
- Carbohydrates – Bread
- Fats – Butter
- Proteins – Meat
- Vitamins – Carrot
- Minerals – Citrus fruits
- Roughage – Apple
Question: Describe the effect of protein deficiency in children.
Answer: Growing children need more proteins in their diet. Lack of proteins in their diet weakens muscles.
Question: Name the different kinds of vitamins with their sources, functions and deficiency diseases.
Sources: Green leafy vegetables, fruits, butter, egg yolk, carrots and fish.
Functions: Keeps eyes, hair and skin healthy
Deficiency Disease: Night blindness
Sources: Eggs, whole grains and sprouts
Functions: Aids in digestion, maintains nervous system
Deficiency Disease: Beriberi
Sources: Eggs, milk, and green leafy vegetables
Functions: Keeps skin and mouth healthy
Deficiency Disease: Skin disorders
Functions: Formation of red blood cells
Deficiency Disease: Anemia
Sources: Citrus fruits like lime, orange and lemon, tomatoes and sprouts
Functions: Helps to resist infections and keeps teeth, gums and joints healthy
Deficiency Disease: Scurvy
Sources: Milk, fish and eggs, sunlight
Functions: Aids in the normal growth of bones in children
Deficiency Disease: Rickets
Sources: Spinach, cabbage or any other green leaf vegetable
Functions: Helps in blood clothing (to stop bleeding)
Deficiency Disease: Hemorrhage (excessive bleeding)
Deficiency of proteins leads to a disease called kwashiorkor. Deficiency of proteins along with the carbohydrate deficiency is called protein energy marasmus. These disease are more common in children of rural areas.