Tuesday , September 22 2020
Pastoralists in the Modern World

NCERT 9th Class (CBSE) Social Science: Pastoralists in the Modern World

Question: Who were the Banjaros? Name any two states where they were found.

Answer: The Banjaras were nomads who used to move from one region to another in search of good pasturel and. They were found in

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. Rajasthan

Question: Name the Act which was passed by the British government to limit the movement of the nomadic people. Mention any two features of the Act.

Answer: The Criminal Tribes Act

  1. By this Act, many communities of craftsmen, traders and pastoralists were classified as Criminal Tribes.
  2. Under this Act, various restrictions were put on their movement.

Question: Name a pastoral community of Rajasthan.

Answer: The Raikas

Question: ‘Under the Colonial rule, the life of the pastoralists changed dramatically. Explain with two examples.

Answer:

  1. Their grazing grounds shrank because their movements were regulated
  2. By the Criminal Tribes Act many communities were classified as the Criminal Tribes

Question: Name any two nomadic communities of Africa.

Answer:

  1. Bedouins
  2. Maasai

Question: What are the major activities of the nomadic communities of Africa?

Answer:

  1. They raise cattle, camels, goats, sheep and donkeys
  2. They sell milk, meat, animal skin and wool

Question: Name a pastoral community of Kenya.

Answer: Maasai

Question: “Large areas of grazing land were turned into game reserves.” Mention its two impacts on pastoral communities.

Answer:

  1. Pastoralists were not allowed to enter these reserves
  2. The loss of the finest grazing lands and water resources created pressure on the small area of land that the Maasai were confined within

Question: The “Maasai society was divided into two social categories”. Name two categories.

Answer: The Elders and Warriors

Question: Where do the Pastoralists normally live?

Answer: The Pastorals normally live in the mountainous areas. These mountain areas are e generally covered with lots of shrub forests. These shrubs provide food for their cattle and sheep.

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