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NCERT 9th Class (CBSE) Social Science: Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

Question: Name the original name of the Nazi party.

Answer: The original name of the Nazi party was the Nationalist Socialist German Workers’ Party, which was later renamed as the Nazi party.

Question: Explain the purpose of the Enabling Act passed on 3rd March, 1933.

Answer: This Act established dictatorship in Germany, as it gave Hitler all powers to sideline Parliament and rule by decree. All political parties and trade unions were banned except for the Nazi party and its affiliates. The state established complete control over the economy, media, army and judiciary.

Question: What was the work entrusted to the International War Tribunal set up in Nuremberg after the war?

Answer: It was set up to prosecute Nazi war criminals for crimes against peace, for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Question: What is Nazism? Name the rise and the allied powers.

Answer: It was a system a structure of ideas about the world and politics by hitler. The allied powers were initially led by the UK and France. In 1941 they were joined by the USSR and USA. They fought against the Axis and Powers, namely Germany, Italy and Japan.

Question: What is Genocidal?

Answer: Killing on large scale leading to destruction of large sections of people.

Question: Nazi Party was renamed after which Organization?

Answer: National socialist German Workers Party it further came to be known as Nazi Party.

Question: When and between whom Treaty of Versailles was signed?

Answer: Treaty of Versailles was signed after world war 1 between Germany, France, Poland, Denmark and Lithuania. It took place 28 June, 1919.

Question: Explain the purpose of the Enabling Act passed on 3rd March, 1933.

Answer: This Act Established dictatorship in Germany. It gave  Hitler all the powers to side  line  Parliament and rule by decree. All political and trade unions were banded.

Question: Mention five features of the treaty of Versailles.

Answer: They are:

  1. Germany lost its overseas colonies, a tenth of its population, 13 per cent of its territories, 75% of its iron 26% of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark and Lithuania.
  2. The Allied Powers demilitarized Germany to weaken its power.
  3. The was guilt clause held Germany responsible for the war and damages the Allied countries suffered.
  4. Germany was forced to pay compensation amounting to £6 billion.
  5. The Allied armies also occupied the resource rich Rhineland for much of the 1920s.

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