Thursday , July 7 2022
NCERT 7th Class (CBSE) Social Studies: State Government

NCERT 7th Class (CBSE) Social Science: State Government

Question: Which candidate will have more power elected or nominated?

Answer: Elected candidate will have more power because he or she is elected by the power of people by elections and votes. When there would be problem people are there for the support. He or she is also the choice of people.

Question: Why is it that at the state level the chief minister is the head of the government and the governor is the “head of the” state?

Answer: The chief minister is the head of the government because he or she is responsible for smooth working of government whereas the governor is the head of the state because he or she is responsible for smooth working of state. But the role of the governor is same as president of the country.

Question: Who appoints the council of ministers? What are its functions?

Answer: The governor appoints the council of ministers on the advice of the chief minister. The functions of council of ministers are:

  1. The council of ministers is the executive body of the state and carries out the day to day administration of the state.
  2. It advises the governor on important issues and takes all policy decisions.

Question: Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?

Answer: MLA is the members of the legislative assembly who represent people and also form the government.

  1. Each state has a legislative assembly.
  2. Each state is divided into different areas or constituencies.
  3. From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).
  4. MLA is elected by the people who contest in election by voting.

Question: How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.

Answer: MLAs become minister when:

  1. After the elections, a political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state became the ruling party.
  2. The MLAs belonging to the ruling party will elect their leader who will become the chief minister.
  3. The chief minister then selects other people as ministers.
  4. The Governor of the state then appoints the chief minister and other ministers.

Question: Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?

Answer: Decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly because:

  1. In a democratic government, participant is important from each and every section.
  2. Thus, whatever decisions are being taken have to be approved by the members of the legislative assembly.
  3. These members then ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should be spent, etc.
  4. After that, they have the main authority to finalize the decision.

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6 comments

  1. Very nice answers it is very useful for me

  2. It is very helpful as I am preparing for UPSC. It give information of each topic in detail which is helpful for the student as well as it includes Quiz of every chapter that a student covers. Thank You for such a great platform.

  3. Not my choice

  4. Davis samuel varghese

    Same as my notes

  5. Thanks for answer it is very useful for me thank you very Much sir

  6. It has very good answers!