Wednesday , June 29 2022
NCERT 7th Class (CBSE) Social Studies: State Government

NCERT 6th Class (CBCE) Social Science: Local Self-Government

Question: Who calls the meeting of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat?

Answer: It is the Secretary who calls the meeting of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat.

Question: What problems do the women of Hardas village face?

Answer: The women of Hardas village have to go to the Suru river which is 3 km away to fetch water.

Question: Why is Tijia in favour of some permanent solution to the problem of water shortages?

Answer: Because groundwater levels seem to be going down every year.

Question: What does Anwar suggest?

Answer: Anwar suggests for watershed development programme.

Question: What was the next agenda for the Gram Sabha?

Answer: The finalisation of the list of people below the poverty line (BPL).

Question: Why is the Nirmal Gram Puruskar awarded and to whom?

Answer: The Nirmal Gram Puruskar is awarded to the village Panch / Panchs for the excellent work done by him / them in the Panchayat.

Question: What is Panchayati Raj System?

Answer: Panchayati Raj System is a process through which people participate in their own government.

Question: Why are the Panchs and the Gram Panchayat answerable to Gram Sabha?

Answer: Because the members of the Gram Sabha elect them.

Question: What do you understand by the local self-government?

Answer: Local self-government lies at bottom of the administrative level and functions at the grassroots level. It is government formed by the people of a locality.

Question: Name the rural and urban local self-governmening bodies.


  1. Rural: Gram panchayat, block smiti and Zila parishad
  2. Urban: Municipal corporation, Municipal council, city council

Question: What is the gram sabha?


  1. The gram subha is the assembly of the village
  2. It consists of all members above age of 18 years in village
  3. It discusses problems and important issues that concern the village. It participates directly in the decision – making process related to the development of the village

Question: Who elects the sarpanch?

Answer: The sarpanch is elected by the members of gram panchayat for term of 5 years. In certain states, the sarpanch may be elected directly by the villagers.

Question: Who over the meeting of panchayat?

Answer: The sarpanch presides over the meeting of the gram panchayat as well as those of the gram sabha.

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