Fair Play – Question: A. Match the sentences under I with those under II.
|1. Jumman and Algu were the best of friends.|
|2. Jumman’s aunt transferred her property to him.|
|3. The aunt decided to appeal to the panchayat.|
|4. Algu was unwilling to support the aunt.|
|5. Jumman was very happy to hear Algu’s name as head Panch.|
|1. He believed that his friend would never go against him.|
|2. She wanted justice.|
|3. In the absence of one, the other took care of his family.|
|4. The condition was that he would be responsible for her welfare.|
|5. The bond of friendship between him and Jumman was very strong.|
|1. Jumman and Algu were the best of friends.
2. Jumman’s aunt transferred her property to him.
3. The aunt decided to appeal to the panchayat.
4. Algu was unwilling to support the Aunt.
5. Jumman was very happy to hear Algu’s name as head Panch.
|3. In the absence of one, the other took care of his family.
4. The condition was that he would be responsible for her welfare.
2. She wanted justice.
5. The bond of friendship between him and Jumman was very strong.
1. He believed that his friend would never go against him.
Fair Play – Question: Who says this to whom and why?
- “My wife knows best how to run the house.”
- “But is it right, my son, to keep mum and not say what you consider just and fair?”
- “What have you to say in your defence?”
- “I can’t pay you a penny for the wretched beast you sold me.”
- “Victory to the panchayat. This is justice.”
- Jumman said this to his aunt because he was shameless and had grown tired of her.
- Jumman’s aunt said this to Algu. She had gone to Algu for help but Algu had politely refused her plea. He did not want to go to the panchayat because Jumman was his friend and he could not go against him.
- Algu said this to Jumman. Algu was made the head Panch by the aunt, and he said this to question Jumman about his mistreatment of the aunt.
- Samjhu Sahu said this to Algu when Algu demanded payment for the bullock he had sold to Samjhu. The bullock had died within a month and Sahu refused to pay for it.
- Algu said this over and over again in front of the village. He was happy that Jumman had not deviated from the path of justice in spite of the enmity between them.
Question: Answer the following questions.
- “Then the situation changed.” What is being referred to?
- When Jumman’s aunt realised that she was not welcome in his house, what arrangement did she suggest? (3)
- What was the villagers’ reaction when the aunt explained her case to them?
- Why was Jumman happy over Algu’s nomination as head Panch?
- “God lives in the heart of the Panch.” the aunt said. What did she mean?
- What was Algu’s verdict as head Panch? How did Jumman take it?
- Algu found himself in a tight spot. What was his problem?
- Why was Algu upset over Jumman’s nomination as head Panch?
- What was Jumman’s verdict as head Panch? How did Algu take it?
- Which of the following sums up the story best?
- “I also know that you will not kill your conscience for the sake of friendship.”
- “Let no one deviate from the path of justice and truth for friendship or enmity.”
- “The voice of the Panchis the voice of God.” Give a reason for your choice.
Fair Play – Answer:
- The situation being referred to is Jumman’s behaviour towards his aunt. Jumman’s aunt had transferred her property to him on the understanding that he would look after her. However, after a couple of years, Jumman and his family grew tired of her. He became as indifferent to her as his wife, who grudged even the little food that the old lady wanted everyday.
- When Jumman’s aunt realized that she was not welcome in his house she suggested that Jumman should give her a monthly allowance so that she could set up a separate kitchen.
- When the aunt explained her case to the villagers, some sympathized with her, others laughed at her and a few others advised her to make it up with her nephew and his wife.
- Jumman was happy over Algu’s nomination as head Panch because Algu was his best friend and he knew that he would never go against him.
- “God lives in the heart of the Panch.” By this, Jumman’s aunt meant that a Panch was always impartial. A Panch had neither a friend nor an enemy. Whatever justice he delivered, it was the justice delivered by God.
- As head Panch, Algu’s verdict was that Jumman had to pay his aunt a monthly allowance, or else the property would go back to her.
Jumman did not take the verdict well. Algu and Jumman were seldom seen together from that day. The bond of friendship between them was broken. Jumman felt betrayed and became Algu’s enemy. All he wanted was to take his revenge upon Algu.
- One of Algu’s fine pair of bullocks died, and he sold the other to Samjhu Sahu on the understanding that Sahu would pay the price of the bullock in a month’s time. The bullock died within a month and Sahu refused to pay Algu.
- The bond of friendship between Algu and Jumman was broken after Algu had given a verdict in favour of Jumman’s aunt. Jumman was Algu’s enemy and wanted revenge. This was why Algu was upset over Jumman’s nomination as head Panch.
- Jumman’s verdict as head Panch was that since the bullock did not suffer from any disability or disease when Sahu bought it, Algu could not be blamed for its death. Therefore, Sahu would have to pay Algu the price of the bullock.
- When Algu heard Jumman’s decision, he could not contain his feelings of joy. He stood up and said loudly over and over again, “Victory to the panchayat. This is justice. God lives in the heart of the Panch.”
10. (ii) “Let no one deviate from the path of justice and truth for friendship or enmity.”
This sentence sums up the story best. In the story, we see justice being done in spite of friendship or enmity. Algu delivered a just judgment even though he was friends with Jumman, and Jumman did the same, although he had become Algu’s enemy.
Question: Replace the italicized portion of each sentence below with a suitable phrase from the box. Make necessary changes, wherever required.
|look after||swallow||make it up||keep mum|
|go into||ease one’s conscience||as ill luck would have it|
|a tight spot||take chances||my heart sank|
- The best way to avoid an unnecessary argument is to remain silent.
- Unfortunately, the train I was trying to catch was cancelled.
- He has been told not to take risks while driving a car through a crowded street.
- The patient needs to be properly taken care of.
- Why don’t the two of you end your quarrel by shaking hands?
- I was in a difficult situation till my friends came to my rescue.
- When I saw a pile of dirty dishes, I felt very disappointed.
- I will examine the matter carefully before commenting on it.
- They criticized him in the meeting but he accepted without protest all the criticism.
- It will free me from worry to know that I had done nothing wrong.
- The best way to avoid an argument is to keep mum.
- As ill luck would have it, the train I was trying to catch was cancelled.
- He has been told not to take chances while driving a car through a crowded street.
- The patient needs to be properly looked after.
- Why don’t the two of you make it up by shaking hands?
- I was in a tight spot till my friends came to my rescue.
- When I saw a pile of dirty dishes, my heart sank.
- I will go into the matter carefully before commenting on it.
- They criticized him in the meeting but he swallowed all the criticism.
- It will ease my conscience to know that I had done nothing wrong.
Question: Look at the following phrases and their meanings. Use the phrases to fill in the blanks in the sentences given below.
|set up||—||put in place or start|
|set aside||—||save or keep for a particular purpose|
|set down||—||write or record|
|set out||—||start on a journey|
|set in||—||begin and seem likely to continue|
- Why don’t you _______________ your ideas on paper?
- A fund has been _______________ for the soldiers’ families.
- We should _______________ a little money every month.
- You should buy some woollens before winter _______________ .
- They _______________ on the last stage of their journey.
Fair Play – Answer:
- Why don’t you set down your ideas on paper?
- A fund has been set up for the soldiers’ families.
- We should set aside a little money every month.
- You should buy some woollens before winter sets in.
- They set out on the last stage of their journey.
Question: How did Algu and Jumman treat each other?
Answer: Algu and Jumman were fast friends. But they became enemies when Algu decided the case in favour of the old aunt. Jumman also got a chance to take revenge. But as head Panch he also acted as fair and just. They became friends again.
Fair Play – Question: How did Jumman treat his old aunt?
Answer: Jumman got his aunt’s property transferred in his name. He promised to support her. But soon they were tired of her. His wife insulted their aunt when she gave her little food.
Fair Play – Question: How did the old aunt get justice?
Answer: The old aunt presented her case before the village panchayat. She had faith in the honesty of Algu. So she named Algu the head Panch. Algu ignored his friendship with Jumman for the sake of truth and justice.
Question: What were the common characteristics between Algu and Jumman?
Answer: Algu and Jumman belonged to two different faiths. Yet both valued their friendship equally. Both had a clean conscience. Neither allowed his personal feelings to affect their love for truth and justice.
Fair Play – Question: What decisions were given by Algu and Jumman as head Panch?
Answer: Algu told Jumman either to pay his aunt a monthly allowance or transfer her property to her. Jumman as head Panch gave the verdict that Sahu should pay Algu the price of the bullock
Question: Why did Jumman Shaikh and Algu Chowdhry, the two good friends, become sworn enemies?
Answer: Jumman and Algu were fast friends. They trusted each other blindly. But an incident broke them apart. Jumman had got the property of his old aunt. But after some duration he began to ignore and ill treat her. She demanded a monthly allowance or the return of her land. The panchayat was called to hear the case. Algu as the head Panch decided the case in favour of the old aunt. The two friends became sworn enemies.
Question: How did Jumman and Algu get over their bitterness and become friends again?
Answer: Jumman Shaikh and Algu Chowdhry broke up when Algu gave his verdict in favour of Jumman’s aunt. Algu heard the voice of his conscience and did justice. But Jumman waited for his turn to take revenge. He got that chance soon. Algu was being cheated by Sahu. Hence, a panchayat was held. Sahu named Jumman as head Panch. But as soon as Jumman occupied that seat of responsibility, he too decided the case on facts and merit. His verdict in favour of Algu brought them closer once again.
Question: Which is more desirable-friendship or enmity? When does a person hear strongly the voice of his conscience?
Answer: It goes without saying that friendship is based on goodwill and respect for one another. Enmity is created by hatred and ill-will. Friendship is definitely far better than enmity. Every person has a weakness for friends. But the moment he occupies the seat of judgement, he hears the voice of his conscience and gives a fair verdict.