Thursday , September 29 2022

Outcomes of democracy: Political Science

Question: What are the main features of a democracy?

Answer: Democracies have a formal constitution; they hold elections, have political parties and guarantee rights to its citizens.

Question: What is the basis of democracy and what are its advantages?

Answer: Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation. Deliberation and negotiation have an advantage as they ensure that the decisions taken are acceptable to all the people.

Question: Does dictatorship always lead to higher economic growth?

Answer: Dictatorship has not produced higher economic growth in developing countries.

Question: Mention to factors that we have to look for while evaluating democracy in a system?

Answer: The 2 factors that we should look for are:

  • are the elections fair and regular and
  • are the citizens involved in the decisions the government takes

Question: Why is democracy a favorable from of government?


  1. Promotes equality among citizens.
  2. Enhances the dignity of the individual.
  3. Improves the quality of decision making.
  4. Provides a method to resolve conflicts.
  5. Allows room to correct mistakes.

Question: Should we blame democracy for socio-economy and political problems?


  1. It some of our expectations are not met we blaming the idea of democracy.
  2. The first step towards thinking carefully about the outcomes of democracy is to organise that that democracy is just a form of govt. It can only create conditions for achieving something.
  3. The citizens have to take advantages of those conditions and achieve those goals.

Question: What are our expectation form democracy?


  1. In a democracy we are most concerned with ensuring that people will have the right to choose their rules and people will have control our the rulers.
  2. Whenever possible and necessary citizens should be be able to participate in decision making that affects them all. Therefore the most basic outcome of democracy should be that it produces a govt. That is accountable to the citizens and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens.
  3. Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation.

Question: What is the normal procedure of a democratic government?


  1. Regular, free and fair elections.
  2. Open public debates on major policies.
  3. Citizens right to information about the government and its functioning.

Question: What are the prudential reasons to support democracy too much?


  1. Over a hundred countries of the world today claim and practice some kind of democratic polities.
  2. They have formal constitutions they hold elections they have parties & they grantee rights for citizens.
  3. While these features are common to most of them  these democracies are very much different from each other in terms of their social-situations their economic achievements and their cultures.

Question: Is the democratic government efficient?


  1. Some people think that democracy produces less effective government.
  2. It is of course true that non-democratic rulers do not have to bother about deliberation majorities and public opinions.
  3. They can be very quick and efficient in making and implementions.
  4. Some delay is bound to take place Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation.

Question: Is democracy more efficient in terms of cost of time?


  1. Imagine a government that may take decisions very fast. But it may take decisions that are not accepted by the people and may therefore face problems.
  2. The democratic government will take more time to follow procedures before arriving at a decision.
  3. It has fallowed procedures its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective.

Question: What is transparency?


  1. A citizen wants to know if a decision was taken through the correct procedures was taken through the correct procedures can find it out.
  2. She has the right and the means to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency.
    Ex: A citizen and file for RT and ask for info.

Question: Is democracy attentive to the needs of people and is free from corruption?


  1. Democracies often frustrate the needs to the people and often ignore the demands of a majority of its population.
  2. The routine takes of corruption are enough to convince is that democracy is not free of this evil.
  3. There is nothing.

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