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10th Science NCERT

Human Eye and Colorful World MCQs: 10th Science Ch 11

Human Eye and Colorful World MCQs: CBSE Class 10 Science Chapter 11 Human Eye and Colorful World Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science with answers was prepared based on latest exam pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Science Human Eye and Colorful World multiple choice questions with answers to know their preparation level.

Class: 10th Class
Subject: Science
Chapter: Chapter 11: Human Eye and Colorful World
MCQs: 65 Questions
Quiz: – Questions

Human Eye and Colorful World MCQs

Class 10 Science Human Eye and Colorful World MCQs with Answers & Explanation:

Question 1: The muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil is

(a) cornea
(b) ciliary muscles
(c) iris
(d) retina

Answer 1.

Answer: c
Explanation: (c) Iris control the size of pupil.

Question 2: Having two eyes facilitates in

A : Increasing the field of view
B : Bringing three-dimensional view
C : Developing the concept of distance / size

Then the correct option is / are

(a) A only
(b) A and B only
(c) B only
(d) A, B and C

Answer 2.

Answer: d

Question 3: The black opening between the aqueous humour and the lens is called

(a) retina
(b) iris
(c) cornea
(d) pupil

Answer 3.

Answer: d
Explanation: (d) The black opening between the aqueous humour and the eye lens is called pupil.

Question 4: Near and far points of a young person normal eye respectively are

(a) 0 and infinity
(b) 0 and 25 cm
(c) 25 cm and infinity
(d) 25 cm and 150 cm.

Answer 4.

Answer: c
Explanation: (c) Near point = 25 cm while far point = infinity.

Question 5: The defect of vision in which the person is able to see distant object distinctly but cannot see nearby objects clearly is called

(a) Long-sightedness
(b) Far-sightedness
(c) Hypermetropia
(d) All above

Answer 5.

Answer: d
Explanation: (d) Hypermetropia is also called long-sightedness or far-sightedness.

Question 6: The ability of eye lens to adjust its focal length to form a sharp image of the object at varying distances on the retina is called

(a) Power of observation of the eye
(b) Power of adjustment of the eye
(c) Power of accommodation of the eye
(d) Power of enabling of the eye

Answer 6.

Answer: c
Explanation: (c) It is called power of accommodation of the eye.

Question 7: Myopia and hypermetropia can be corrected by

(a) Concave and plano-convex lens
(b) Concave and convex lens
(c) Convex and concave lens
(d) Plano-concave lens for both defects.

Answer 7.

Answer: b
Explanation: (b) Myopia is corrected by using of suitable power of concave lens while hypermetropia is corrected by convex lens.

Question 8: Bi-focal lens are required to correct

(a) astigmatism
(b) coma
(c) myopia
(d) presbyopia

Answer 8.

Answer: d
Explanation: (d) Bifocal lens are required to correct the presbyopia. Upper point of bifocal lens consists of concave lens used for distant vision while lower point consists of convex lens facilitate near vision.

Question 9:  The defective eye of a person has near point 0.5 m and point 3 m. The power far corrective lens required for

(i) reading purpose and
(ii) seeing distant objects, respectively are:

(a) 0.5 D and +3D
(b) +2D and – \ (\frac{1}{3}\) D
(c) – 2D and + \ (\frac{1}{3}\)D
(d) 0.5 D and-3.0 D

Answer 9.

Answer: b
Explanation: (b) For reading purpose

The defective eye of a person has near point

Question 10: The image formed on the retina of the human eye is

(a) virtual and inverted
(b) real and inverted
(c) real and erect
(d) virtual and erect

Answer 10.

Answer: b
Explanation: (b) Eye lens is convex in nature. So, image formed by it on the retina is real and inverted.

MCQs On Human Eye and Colorful World

Question 11: When white light enters a prism, it gets split into its constituent colors. This is due to

(a) different refractive index for different wavelength of each colour
(b) each colors has same velocity in the prism.
(c) prism material have high density.
(d) Scattering of light

Answer 11.

Answer: a
Explanation: (a) Dispersion takes place because refractive index of the material of prism is different for different wavelength.

Question 12: The air layer of atmosphere whose temperature is less then the hot layer behave as optically

(a) denser medium
(b) rarer medium
(c) inactive medium
(d) either denser or rarer medium

Answer 12.

Answer: a
Explanation: (a) The cold air layer of the atmosphere acts as a optically denser medium than hot air because the molecules are closely packed together.

Question 13: Refraction of light by the earth’s atmosphere due to variation in air density is called

(a) atmospheric reflection
(b) atmospheric dispersion
(c) atmospheric scattering
(d) atmospheric refraction

Answer 13.

Answer: d
Explanation: (d) This phenomena is called atmospheric refraction.

Question 14: The deflection of light by minute particles and molecules of the atmosphere in all direction is called ________ of light.

(a) dispersion
(b) scattering
(c) interference
(d) tyndell effect

Answer 14.

Answer: b
Explanation: (b) The said phenomenon is called scattering of light.

Question 15: One cannot see through the fog, because

(a) refractive index of the fog is very high
(b) light suffers total reflection at droplets
(c) fog absorbs light
(d) light is scattered by the droplets

Answer 15.

Answer: d
Explanation: (d) Objects are not visible through the fog because droplets scatter the light rays.

Multiple Choice Questions And Answers On Human Eye and Colorful World

Question 16: A person cannot see distinctly objects kept beyond 2 m. This defect can be corrected by using a lens of power [NCERT Exemplar Problems]

(a) + 0.5 D
(b) – 0.5 D
(c) + 0.2 D
(d) – 0.2 D

Answer 16.

Answer: b
Explanation: (b) Person cannot see distant objects clearly. So he is suffering from myopia. The defect is corrected by using concave lens of power
P = \(\frac{1}{f}=\frac{1}{-2 m}\) =-0.5

Question 17: A prism ABC (with BC as base) is placed in different orientations. A narrow beam of white light is incident on the prism as shown in figure. In which of the following cases, after dispersion, the third colour from the top corresponds to the colour of the sky? [NCERT Exemplar Problems]

A prism ABC (with BC as base) is placed in different orientations

Answer 17.

Answer: b
Explanation:(b) In figure (a) base BC of the prism is at the bottom, then violet colour lies at the bottom but in figure (b), the base BC is at the top, then violet would be at the top after dispersion, and third colour would be blue.

Question 18: At noon the sun appears white as [NCERT Exemplar Problems]

(a) light is least scattered
(b) all the colors of the white light are scattered away
(c) blue colour is scattered the most
(d) red colour is scattered the most

Answer 18.

Answer: a
Explanation:(a) At noon, the sun is at top and the light rays coming from the sun have to travel lens distance hence, all colours get scattered very less even blue and violet.

Question 19: Twinkling of stars is due to atmospheric [NCERT Exemplar Problems]

(a) dispersion of light by water droplets
(b) refraction of light by different layers of varying refractive indices
(c) scattering of light by dust particles
(d) internal reflection of light by clouds.

Answer 19.

Answer: b 
Explanation: (b) Twinkling of star is due to atmospheric refraction of starlight caused by the gradual change in refractive index of different air layers at different height, the apparent position of star keeps on changing.

Question 20: The clear sky appears blue because [NCERT Exemplar Problems]

(a) blue light gets absorbed in the atmosphere.
(b) ultraviolet radiations are absorbed in the atmosphere.
(c) violet and blue lights get scattered more than lights of all other colors by the atmosphere.
(d) light of all other colors is scattered more than the violet and blue colour lights by the atmosphere.

Answer 20.

Answer: c
Explanation: (c) Violet and blue colour have shorter wavelength. So, they scattered more than lights of other colour by the molecules present in the atmosphere.

MCQs On Human Eye and Colorful World

Question 21: The danger signals installed at the top of tall buildings are red in colour. These can be easily seen from a distance because among all other colors, the red light [NCERT Exemplar Problems]

(a) is scattered the most by smoke or fog
(b) is scattered the least by smoke or fog
(b) is absorbed the most by smoke or fog
(c) moves fastest in air

Answer 21.

Answer: b
Explanation:(b) Red colour has longer wavelength so least scattered by smoke or fog.

Question 22: The bluish colour of water in deep sea is due to [NCERT Exemplar Problems]

(a) the presence of algae and other plants found in water
(b) reflection of sky in water
(c) scattering of light
(d) absorption of light by the sea

Answer 22.

Answer: c
Explanation: (c) The fine water molecules mainly scatter blue light due to its shorter wavelength.

Question 23: When light rays enter the eye, most of the refraction occurs at the [NCERT Exemplar Problems]

(a) crystalline lens
(b) outer surface of the cornea
(c) iris
(d) pupil

Answer 23.

Answer: b
Explanation: (b) Most of the refraction for light rays entering the eye occurs at the outer surface of cornea which acts a primary lens converging in nature.

Question 24: The focal length of the eye lens increases when eye muscles [NCERT Exemplar Problems]

(a) are relaxed and lens becomes thinner
(b) contract and lens becomes thicker
(c) are relaxed and lens becomes thicker
(d) contract and lens becomes thinner

Answer 24.

Answer: a
Explanation: (a) Ciliary muscles modify the curvature of eye lens. When eye muscles are relaxed, eye lens becomes thinner thereby are relaxed, eye lens becomes thinner thereby increase in the focal length of eye lens.

MCQ On Human Eye and Colorful World Class 10 Direction (Question 25 to Question 30):

In the following Questions, the Assertion and Reason have been put forward. Read the statements carefully and choose the correct alternative from the following:

(a) Both the Assertion and the Reason are correct and the Reason is the correct explanation of the Assertion.
(b) The Assertion and the Reason are correct but the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but the Reason is false.
(d) The statement of the Assertion is false but the Reason is true.

Question 25:

Assertion: Blind spot is a small area of the retina which is insensitive to light where the optic nerve leaves the eye.
Reason: There are no rods or cones present at the junction of optic nerve and retina in the eye.

Answer 25.

Answer: a
Explanation: (a) Both the Assertion and the Reason are correct and the Reason is the correct explanation of the Assertion.

Question 26:

Assertion: The near-point of a hypermetropic eye is more than 25 cm away.
Reason: Hypermetropia is corrected using spectacles containing concave lenses.

Answer 26.

Answer: c
Explanation: (c) Assertion is true but the Reason is false.

Question 27:

Assertion: Myopia is the defect of vision in which a person cannot see the distant objects clearly.
Reason: This due to eye-ball being too short.

Answer 27.

Answer: c
Explanation: (c) Assertion is true but the Reason is false.

Question 28:

Assertion: Concave mirrors are used as reflectors in torches, vehicle head-lights and in search lights.
Reason: When an object is placed beyond the centre of curvature of a concave mirror, the image formed is real and inverted.

Answer 28.

Answer: b
Explanation: (b) The Assertion and the Reason are correct but the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.

Question 29:

Assertion: The light emerges from a parallel-sided glass slab in a direction perpendicular with that in which enters the glass slab.
Reason: The perpendicular distance between the original path of incident ray and emergent ray coming out of glass slab is called lateral displacement of the emergent ray of light.

Answer 29.

Answer: d
Explanation: (d) The statement of the Assertion is false but the Reason is true.

Question 30:

Assertion: When a pencil is partly immersed in water and held obliquely to the surface, the pencil appears to bend at the water surface.
Reason: The apparent bending of the pencil is due to the refraction of light when it passes from water to air.

Answer 30.

Answer: a
Explanation: (a) Both the Assertion and the Reason are correct and the Reason is the correct explanation of the Assertion.

MCQs On Human Eye and Colorful World

Question 31: The least distance of distinct vision for a normal eye is

(a) infinity
(b) 25 cm
(c) 2.5 cm
(d) 25 m

Answer 31.

Answer: b

Question 32: A person cannot see distinctly objects kept beyond 2m. This defect can be corrected by using a lens of power

(a) +0.5 D
(b) -0.5 D
(c) +0.2 D
(d) -0.2 D

Answer 32.

Answer: b

Question 33: The defect of vision in which a person cannot see the distant objects clearly but can see nearby objects clearly is called

(a) myopia
(b) hypermetropia
(c) presbyopia
(d) bifocal eye

Answer 33.

Answer: a

Question 34: The splitting of white light into different colors on passing through a prism is called

(a) reflection
(b) refraction
(c) dispersion
(d) deviation

Answer 34.

Answer: c

Question 35: At noon, the Sun appears white as

(a) blue colour is scattered the most
(b) red colour is scattered the most
(c) light is least scattered
(d) all the colors of the white light are scattered away

Answer 35.

Answer: c

Human Eye and Colorful World MCQs – Question 36: Twinkling of stars is due to

(a) reflection of light by clouds
(b) scattering of light by dust particles
(c) dispersion of light by water drops
(d) atmospheric refraction of starlight

Answer 36.

Answer: d

(a) blue light
(b) yellow light
(c) violet light
(d) red light

Answer 37.

Answer: d

Question 38: When white light enters a glass prism from air, the angle of deviation is maximum for

(a) blue light
(b) yellow light
(c) red light
(d) violet light

Answer 38.

Answer: c

Question 39: The amount of light entering the eye can be controlled by the

(a) iris
(b) pupil
(c) cornea
(d) ciliary muscles

Answer 39.

Answer: b

Question 40: What type of image is formed by the eye lens on the retina?

(a) Real and erect
(b) Virtual and inverted
(c) Real and inverted
(d) Virtual and erect

Answer 40.

Answer: c

MCQs On Human Eye and Colorful World

Question 41: The medical condition in which the lens of the eye of a person becomes progressively cloudy resulting in blurred vision is called

(a) myopia
(b) hypermetropia
(c) presbyopia
(d) cataract

Answer 41.

Answer: d

Question 42: The defect of the eye in which the eyeball becomes too long is

(a) myopia
(b) hypermetropia
(c) presbyopia
(d) cataract

Answer 42.

Answer: a

Question 43: The defect of vision in which the image of nearby objects is formed behind the retina, is

(a) myopia
(b) short-sightedness
(c) hypermetropia
(d) presbyopia

Answer 43.

Answer: c

Question 44: Which of the following is a natural phenomenon which is caused by the dispersion of sunlight in the sky?

(a) Twinkling of stars
(b) Stars seem higher than they actually are
(c) Advanced sunrise and delayed sunset
(d) Rainbow

Answer 44.

Answer: d

Objectives Questions On Human Eye And The Colorful World 

Question 45: Name the scientist who was the first to use a glass prism to obtain the spectrum of sunlight.

(a) Isaac Newton
(b) Einstein
(c) Kepler
(d) Hans Christian Oersted

Answer 45.

Answer: a

Question 46: Very fine particles scatter more of ________ colour.

Answer 46.

Answer: c
Explanation: blue

Question 47: Red light is used for signals as it is ______ scattered.

Answer 47.

Answer: c
Explanation: less

Question 48: Bi-focal lens is used to correct ______ refractive error.

Answer 48.

Answer: c
Explanation: presbyopic

Human Eye and Colorful World MCQs – Question 49: Hypermetropic eye is corrected by using _________ lens.

Answer 49.

Answer:  c
Explanation: convex

Question 50: When light falls at critical angle on the surface of a rarer medium while coming from a denser medium, the refracting angle is _______ .

Answer 50.

Answer: c
Explanation: 90°

MCQs On Human Eye and Colorful World

Question 51: The dispersion of white light occurs because colors of white light at different ________ through the glass prism.

Answer 51.

Answer: c
Explanation: speed

Question 52: 28 frames are projected per second in motion picture. [True/False]

Answer 52.

Answer: c
Explanation: False

Question 53: Myopia is caused due to excessive curvature in cornea. [True/False]

Answer 53.

Answer: c
Explanation: True

Question 54: A lens of higher focal length has less power. [True/False]

Answer 54.

Answer: c
Explanation: True

Question 55: Power of accommodation for a normal eye is 4 dioptre. [True/False]

Answer 55.

Answer: c
Explanation: True

Question 56: The optical nerves carry signals to the brain. [True/False]

Answer 56.

Answer: c
Explanation:True

MCQ Questions On Human Eye And Colorful World Direction:

Question 57: Match Column I with Column II.

Column I Column II
(i) Twinkling stars (A) Suspended water drops
(ii) Blue sky (B) Group of colours
(iii) Rainbow (C) Scattering
(iv) Spectrum (D) Changing atmosphere

Answer 57.

Answer: c
Explanation:
(i) → (D)
(ii) → (C)
(iii) → (A)
(iv) → (B)

Human Eye and Colorful World MCQs – Question 58: In a human eye, name the following parts:

(a) a thin membrane which allows light to enter the eye.
(b) the muscles which help in changing the focal length of eye lens.

Answer 58.

Answer: c
Explanation:
(a) Cornea
(b) Ciliary muscles

Question 59: Name the part of our eyes that helps us to focus near and distant objects in quick succession.

Answer 59.

Answer: c
Explanation: Ciliary muscles help in changing the focal length of the eye lens.

Question 60: In which direction, the near point of hypermetropic eye is shifted from the normal near point?

Answer 60.

Answer: c
Explanation:The near point of hypermetropic eye is shifted farther away from the normal near point.

Question 61: Name the part responsible for the power of accommodation of the human eye.
Or
Name the component of eye that is responsible for the adjustment of eye lens? [DoE]

Answer 61.

Answer:
Explanation: Ciliary muscles

Question 62: A person suffering from an eye defect uses lenses of power ID. Name the defect he is suffering from and the nature of lens used.

Answer 62.

Answer: c
Explanation: Hypermetropia; convex lens

Question 63: What is the nature of eye lens of human eye and that of the image formed at the retina of the eye by it?

Answer 63.

Answer: c
Explanation: The nature of eye lens in human eye is convex nature of the image formed on the retina by it is real, inverted and diminished.

Question 64: Mention the role of optic nerve in the human eye.

Answer 64.

Answer: c
Explanation:Role of optic nerve in human eye: It transmits the visual information in the form of electrical signal generated at retina to the brain.

Human Eye and Colorful World MCQs – Question 65: What is the other name of old hypermetropia?

Answer 65.

Answer: c
Explanation: Presbyopia.

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