Question: Why were Bengal artisans deserting villages?
Answer: Bengal artisans were deserting villages because they were being pressurised to sell their goods to the Company at low prices.
Question: Name the Governor-General of India when the Permanent Settlement was introduced.
Answer: Charles Cornwallis.
Question: What did the ‘Permanent Settlement’ actually mean?
Answer: The amount of revenue the peasants were expected to pay was fixed permanently, that is, it was not to be increased ever in future.
Question: What problems did zamindars face under the Permanent Settlement?
Answer: As the revenue had been fixed at very high rate, zamindars found it difficult to pay. Anyone who failed to pay the revenue lost his zamindari.
Question: Who was William Morris?
Answer: He was a famous poet and artist of 19th century Britain. He designed a floral cotton print known as Morris cotton print.
Question: Who created Kalamkari print?
Answer: The weavers of Andhra Pradesh created Kalamkari print.
Question: What is common in the two prints – a Kalamkari print and a Morris cotton print?
Answer: Both use a rich blue colour commonly known as indigo.
Question: What is indigo?
Answer: It is a plant that produces rich blue colour used as a dye.
Question: Why did cloth dyers prefer indigo to woad?
Answer: Cloth dyers preferred indigo as a dye because it produced a rich blue colour, whereas the dye from woad was pale and dull.