Question: Name some institutions that are part of the government.
Answer: The Supreme Court, the Indian Railways, Bharat Petroleum.
Question: List any two functions of the government.
- The government protects the boundaries of the country.
- It maintains peaceful relations with other countries.
Question: What happens when someone commits a crime?
Answer:He / She finds himself / herself in court in such a situation.
Question: Why is there a need to control resources and protect the territory of a country?
Answer: It is important so that people can feel secure.
Question: At which three levels does the government work?
Answer: The government works at the local level, at the state level and at the national level.
Question: Under which circwnstances a person may approach the court?
Answer: If a person feels that a particular law is not being followed he/she may approach the court.
Question: What does the court do in such situation? ,
Answer: The court gives orders to the government about what should be done.
Question: What do you mean by monarchy?
Answer: Monarchy is a form of government in which the monarch (king or queen) has the power to make decisions and run the government.
Question: What do you mean by representative democracies?
Answer: In representative democracies people do not participate directly but, instead, choose their representatives through an election process. These representatives meet and make decisions for the entire population.
Question: What do you mean by universal adult franchise?
Answer: Universal adult franchise means that all adults in the country are allowed to vote.
Question: What was itnfair practice in Gandhyi’s eyes?
Answer: In pre-independent India, only a small minority was allowed to vote. It is they who determined the fate of the majority. This very practice was seen as unfair practice by Gandhiji.
Question: What did Gandhiji demand?
Answer: Gandhiji demanded that all adults whether they rich or poor, educated or literate have the right to vote.