Wednesday , August 17 2022
The Police And The Courts

9th Class Social Science: Working of Institutions

Question: “The Constitution of India has made necessary provisions for ensuring independence of judiciary”. Justify your answer by giving two reasons.


  1. The judges are appointed by the executive on the basis of the prescribed qualifications, and according to a well established procedure.
  2. The Judges cannot be removed at the whims of the executive.

Question: Who appoints the Chief Justice of India and the other judges?

Answer: The President of India appoints the Chief Justice of India. The President consults other Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts while making appointments of other judges.

Question: State any two powers of the Supreme Court of India.


  1. The Supreme Court acts as the guardian of fundamental rights.
  2. It acts as a guardian of the Constitution.

Question: What is the composition of Indian judiciary?


  1. The Supreme Court
  2. The High Court
  3. The District Court

Question: Why is there a need for political institutions?


  1. To take decisions: Countries need political institutions to take decisions regarding the welfare of the people. Institutions formulate various policies and programmes.
  2. Implementation: The decisions which have been taken are to be implemented. So countries need institutions to implement the decisions.
  3. To solve the disputes: Institutions are also needed to solve the disputes between various institutions.
  4. To take right decisions: Institutions help the governments to take the right decisions.

Question: Compare the power, tenure and working of both the Houses of the Indian Parliament.
The Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha. Explain by giving three reasons.
Which house of the Parliament is more powerful in India? Give reasons.
Our Constitution does give the Rsgya Sabha some special powers over the states, but Lok Sabha exercises supreme power. How? Explain.


Lok Sabha is the House of People, where people who are eligible to vote can elect their representative by way of direct elections.
Rajya Sabha is the Council of States, where the representatives are indirectly elected by the elected representative of the Assembles of States and Union Territories.
The operation of Lok Sabha continues for 5 years, unless dissolved earlier.
It is a permanent body.
Maximum number of members
552 Members
250 Members
Minimum age for being a member
25 years
30 years
Introduction of Money Bill
Only in Lok Sabha
After the bill is approved in the Lok Sabha it is sent to the Rajya Sabha for consideration.
Vice President of India

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