Question: Define industry.
Answer: Industry refers to an economic activity that is concerned with production of goods, extraction of minerals or provision of services.
Question: Name three common methods of classifying industries.
Answer: Industries are classified according to raw material used, size and ownership.
Question: Expand the abbreviation AMUL. Where are its headquarters?
Answer: Anand Milk Union Limited. Its headquarters are in Anand, Gujarat.
Question: Name four common processes involved in a textile industry.
Answer: Ginning, spinning, weaving, dyeing are processes involved in a textile industry.
Question: Name an industrial region in northern India.
Answer: The Gurgaon-Delhi-Meerut region is an industrial region in northern India.
Question: Name some elements alloyed with steel.
Answer: Aluminium, nickel and copper are elements that are alloyed with steel.
Question: What products do industrial plants in Jamshedpur produce?
Answer: Industrial plants produce chemicals, locomotive parts, agricultural equipment, machinery, tinplate, etc.
Question: What is the link between the mines and the industry in Pittsburgh?
Answer: The Great Lakes of North America lie between the mines and industrial plant in Pittsburgh.
Question: Name two natural fibres and two human-made fibres.
Answer: Two natural fibres: wool, silk. Two human-made fibres: nylon, polyester.
Question: Give a reason for the fact that cotton textile industry in India could not compete with that in the West initially.
Answer: The production of hand woven cotton textile in India was expensive and time-consuming, so it could not compete with the Western standards.
Question: What industries have started replacing the textile industry in Osaka?
Answer: Iron and steel, machinery, shipbuilding, automobiles, electrical equipment and cement industry have begun to replace the textile industry in Osaka.
Question: Why is Bangalore called “Silicon Plateau”?
Answer: Bangalore is called Silicon Plateau because of the IT industry there, and the word “plateau” refers to the Deccan Plateau where it is located.