Tuesday , August 9 2022
Class XI & XII Computer Science: Python

Data Handling: 11th Class Computer Science Chapter 03

Chapter Name: Data Handling [Chapter 03]
Class: 11th
Subject: Computer Science

3.1 Data Types in Python: Ch 03 – Data Handling

Python has Two data types:

  1. Primitive Data Type (Numbers, String)
  2. Collection Data Type (List, Tuple, Set, Dictionary)

Data Types in Python

1. Primitive Data Types:

a. Numbers: Number data types store numeric values.

There are three numeric types in Python:

  • int
  • float
  • complex

Example:

w = 1 # int
y = 2.8 # float
z = 1j # complex

integer: There are two types of integers in python:

  • int
  • Boolean

int: int or integer, is a whole number, positive or negative, without decimals.

Example:
x = 1
y = 35656222554887711
z = -3255522

Boolean: It has two values: True and False. True has the value 1 and False has the value 0.

Example:

>>> bool(0)
False
>>> bool(1)
True
>>> bool(‘ ‘)
False
>>> bool(-34)
True
>>> bool(34)
True

float: float or “floating point number” is a number, positive or negative, containing one or more decimals. Float can also be scientific numbers with an “e” to indicate the power of 10.

Example:

x = 1.10
y = 1.0
z = -35.59

a = 35e3
b = 12E4
c = -87.7e100

complex: Complex numbers are written with a “j” as the imaginary part.

Example:

>>>x = 3+5j
>>>y = 2+4j
>>>z=x+y
>>>print(z)
5+9j
>>>z.real
5.0
>>>z.imag
9.0

Real and imaginary part of a number can be accessed through the attributes real and imag.

b. String: Sequence of characters represented in the quotation marks.

  • Python allows for either pairs of single or double quotes. Example: ‘hello’ is the same as “hello” .
  • Python does not have a character data type, a single character is simply a string with a length of 1.
  • The python string store Unicode characters.
  • Each character in a string has its own index.
  • String is immutable data type means it can never change its value in place

2. Collection Data Type:

  • List
  • Tuple
  • Set
  • Dictionary

3.2 Mutable & Immutable Data Type: Ch 03 – Data Handling

  • Mutable Data Type:
    These are changeable. In the same memory address, new value can be stored.
    Example: List, Set, Dictionary
  • Immutable Data Type:
    These are unchangeable. In the same memory address new value cannot be stored.
    Example: integer, float, Boolean, string and tuple

3.3 Basic Operators in Python:

  1. Arithmetic Operators
  2. Relational Operator
  3. Logical Operators
  4. Bitwise operators
  5. Assignment Operators
  6. Other Special Operators
    • Identity Operators
    • Membership operators

i. Arithmetic Operators: To perform mathematical operations.

Arithmetic Operators in Python

Example:
>>>x= -5
>>>x**2
>>> -25

ii. Relational Operators: Relational operators compare the values. It either returns True or False according to the condition.

Relational Operators

iii. Logical operators: Logical operators perform Logical AND, Logical OR and Logical NOT operations.

OPERATOR DESCRIPTION SYNTAX
and Logical AND: True if both the operands are true x and y
or Logical OR: True if either of the operands is true x or y
not Logical NOT: True if operand is false not x

Examples of Logical Operator:

The and operator: The and operator works in two ways:

a. Relational expressions as operands
b. numbers or strings or lists as operands

a. Relational expressions as operands:

X Y X and Y
False False False
False True False
True False False
True True True

>> 5 > 8 and 7 > 3
False
>>> (4==4) and (7==7)
True

b. numbers or strings or lists as operands:

In an expression X and Y, if first operand has false value, then return first operand X as a result, otherwise returns Y.

X Y X and Y
False False X
False True X
True False Y
True True Y

0 and 0
0
>>> 0 and 6
0
>>> ‘a’ and ‘n’
’n’
>>> 6>9 and ‘c’+9>5 # and operator will test the second operand only if the first operand
False # is true, otherwise ignores it, even if the second operand is wrong

The or operator: The or operator works in two ways:

a. Relational expressions as operands
b. numbers or strings or lists as operands

a. Relational expressions as operands:

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