Question: Who is the writer of the Novel Germinal? What was the theme of the novel?
Answer: Emile Zola, the French novelist wrote Germinal (1885). The novel is on the life of a young coal miner. In the novel, the writer tried his best to explain the harsh conditions under which the miners worked. It ends on a note of despair: the strike the hero leads fails, his coworkers turn against him and hopes are shattered.
Question: Name a novelist who wrote about traditional rural communities of England that were vanishing.
Answer: Thomas Hardy.
Question: How most of the novels of the 19th century represented the true picture of the community and the society?
- In the 19th century, Europe entered the industrial age. Novelists such as Charles Dickens and Emile Zola wrote about the terrible effects of industrialization on peoples lives and character.
- British novelist Thomas Hardy wrote about traditional rural communities of England that were fast vanishing.
Question: Who was the author of Mayor of Casterbridge?
Answer: Thomas Hardy
Question: Who was Leo Tolstoy?
Answer: He was a famous Russian novelist who wrote extensively on rural life and community.
Question: Which novel supplied the adventurous text for the young English population ?
Answer: Under Drake’s Flag by G.A. Henty
Question: What was the theme of the novel Jane Eyre written by Charlotte Bronte?
Answer: He has shown the main character i.e. Jane as independent and assertive while girls of her time were expected to be quiet and well behaved.
Question: “It is a truth universally accepted acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife”. Name the novel and the author.
Answer: Pride and Prejudice – Jane Austen
Question: Name some important novelists who use to write for the young generation.
Name some of the important novels for the young.
- R.L. Stevenson – Treasure Island
- Rudyard Kipling – Jungle Book
- Helen Hunt – Ramona
- Sarah Chauncey Woolsey – What Katy Did
Question: Who is the author of the novel “Robinson Crusoe”?
Answer: Daniel Defoe
Question: Name the novelist who showed the darker side of colonial occupation.
Answer: Joseph Conrad
Question: Which was the first modern novel in Nalayalam?
Question: Which was the first proper modem Hindi novel? Who was its author?
Answer: The first proper modern Hindi novel was Pariksha Guru. It was written by Srinivas Das in 1882.
Question: Who is known as the pioneer of modem Hindi literature?
Answer: Bharatendu Harishchandra
Question: Who was the author of Pariksha Guru?
Answer: Srinivas Das
Question: How did the vernacular novels help Britishers to expand their rule in India?
Answer: Novels provided valuable information to the colonial administrators regarding native life and customs.
Question: Name any two novelists of South India. Also mention the names of the novels written by them.
- Chandu Menon – Indulekha
- Kandukuri Viresalingam – Rajasekhara Caritamu
Question: Name any two famous Hindi novelists. Also mention the names of the novels written by them.
- Srinivas Das – Pariksha Guru
- Devaki Nandan Khetri – Chandrakanta
Question: Name the Mala novelist who tried to translate an English novel called Henrietta Temple.
Answer: Chandu Menon.
Question: Which was the first modem novel in Malayalam? When was it published?
Answer: Indulekha published in 1889 was the first modem novel in Malayalam.
Question: Who is the author of the novel ‘Sewasadan’? What is the importance of the novel for the Hindi literature?
Answer: Sewasadan was written by Munshi Premchand. The novel lifted the Hindi novel from the realm of fantasy, moralizing and simple entertainment to a serious reflection on the lives of ordinary people and social issues.
Question: How was the sources of entertainment of the old merchant elite of Calcutta different from the new bhadralok ?
Answer: The old merchant elite of Calcutta patronised public forms of entertainment such as Kabirlarai, musical soirees and dance performances whereas new bhadraloks found himself at home in the more private world of reading novels.
Question: ‘During the 19th century, the early Bengali novelists lived in two worlds’. Explain.
- These were novelists who were located in the past, their characters, events and love stories based on historical events.
- This group of novelists depicted the inner world of domestic life in contemporary settings. Domestic novels frequently dealt with the social problems and romantic relationships between men and women.
Question: ‘In many novels written during the colonial period, the ideal person successfully deals with one of the central dilemmas faced by colonial subject’. What was the dilemma?
Answer: How to be modem without rejecting traditions, how to accept ideas coming from the West without losing one’s identity.
Question: Who was Rokeya Hossein?
Answer: Rokeya Hossien (1880-1932) was a reformer who, after she was widowed, started a girl’s school in Calcutta. She wrote a satiric fantasy in English called Sultana’s Dream (1905) which shows a topsyturvy world in which women take the place of men. Her novel Padmarag also showed the need for women to reform their condition by their own actions.
Question: Name some novelists who have written about caste practices.
- Potheri Kunjambu – Saraswativijayam
- Advaita Malla Burman’s – Titash Ekti Nadir Naam
Question: Name a novelist who wrote for lower castes.
Answer: Potheri Kunjambu
Question: ‘The Novel is about an epic about the Mallas, a community of fisher folk who live off fishing in the river Titash. Identify the novel and the author.
Answer: Titash Ekti Nadir Naam – Advaita Malla
Question: Which was the first historical novel written in Bengal?
Answer: Bhadeb Mukhopadhyay’s Anguriya Binimoy.
Question: Name a novel which is about a secret Hindu militia that fights Muslims to establish a Hindu Kingdom. It was a novel that inspired many kinds of freedom fighters.
Answer: Bankim’s Anandamath
Question: How novels helped in popularizing the sense of belonging to a common nation?
- Imaging a heroic past
- Various classes were included so that they could be seen to belong to a shared world
Question: Name any two novels written by Munshi Premchand.
Answer: (i) Rangbhoomi (ii) Godan
Question: Why the novel Pariksha Guru could not win many readers?
Answer: It could not win many readers, as it was perhaps too moralising in its style.
Question: Which was the first proper modem novel in Hindi? What was its theme?
Answer: Pariksha Guru was the first proper modern novel in Hindi. The novel reflects the inner and outer world of the newly emerging middle class which is caught in the difficulty of adapting to colonized society and at the same time preserving their cultural identify.
Question: Who was the Hindi novelist whose writing took the Hindi novels to excellence?
Answer: Munshi Premchand
Question: Which was the first novel of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay?
Answer: Durgeshnandini in 1865.
Question: What is satire? Give one example.
Answer: A form of representation through writing, drawing, painting, etc. that provides a criticism of society in a manner that is witty and clever. For example, Sultana’s Dream by Rokeya Hossein.
Question: Who wrote Saraswativijayam?
Answer: Potheri Kunjambu
Question: What was the theme of Saraswativijayam?
Answer: Saraswativijayam stresses the importance of education for the upliftment of the lower caste.
Question: Who was the English author who showed the darker side of colonialism in his novels?
Answer: Joseph Conard
Question: Who wrote Anandmath?
Answer: Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
Question: The novel revolves around Surdas who is visually impaired and belongs to an untouchable caste. Identify the novel.
Question: The novel is an epic of the Indian peasantry and tells the moving story of Hori and his wife, Dhania. Identify the novel.
Question: Who is the author of the novel ‘Robinson Crusoe’?
Answer: Daniel Defoe
Question: Which of the following novel was written by Potheri Kunjambu and deals with the caste oppression?
Question: Which was the first modern modern novel in Malayalam?
Answer: Indulekha published in 1889.
Question: Which was the first Hindi novel?
Answer: Pariksha Gurve Das Srinivas (1882)
Question: When did the modern novel develop in India?
Answer: 19th Century
Question: In which language the earliest novels written in India?
Answer: Bengali and Marathi
Question: Name some love stories written fire adolescent girls only?
- Romand (1884) by Helen Hunt Jackson
- What Katy Did by Sarcoma Chambray
Question: In which country did novel first took its root?
Answer: Britain and France
Question: Who is considered as founder of new province of writing?
Answer: Henry fielding, he claims to be the founder of it where he could make his own laws.