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8th Class (CBSE) Social Science: The Parliamentary System

8th Class (CBSE) Social Science: The Parliamentary System

Question: Why did India opt for parliamentary system of govt.?

Answer: India chose the parliamentary system of government because of the following reasons –

  1. Being a British colony, India was influenced by the British parliamentary system of governance.
  2. To give equal representation to the multiple religious and linguistic groups so that they could elect their representatives.
  3. The Executive being responsible to the parliamentary, reduces the chances of dictatorship.

Question: Describe the composition of Rajya Sabha?

Answer: There can be a maximum of 250 members in the Rajya Sabha, out of which 238 members represent the states and the Union Territories. Members of  state Legislative Assemblies elect members of the Rajya Sabha.

Question: Distinguish between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?

Answer:

 Lok Sabha 
Rajya Sabha 
1. It is house of the people.
1. It is council of states.
2. Maximum strength -552 people.
2. Maximum strength – 250 members.
3. 20 members elected from Union Territories.
3. 238 members represents states and Union Territories.
4. 2 members are nominates by President from Anglo Indian community
4. 12 members are nominated by the President.
5. Presided by – The speaker
5. Presided by – the chair man (vice president)
6. Members are elected for 5 years.
6. Members are elected for 6 years.

Question: What do you understand by collective responsibility of the council of ministers?

Answer: The prime ministers is the head of the council of ministers. The council works under the Prime Minister as a team. It is collectively responsible and is answerable to the Parliamentary for any decision taken by it. If a vote of no confidence is passed against the government, the Council of Ministers has to resign.

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