The Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, was born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 2nd October, 1869, at Porbander. He was married to Kasturba when he was 12. He went to England for higher studies. He became a barrister and came back to India in 1891.
Gandhiji went to South Africa in 1893 and stayed there for 12 years. He first practiced his non-violent agitation there. He was fighting for the cause of the Indians who were getting unjust treatment.
Back in India in 1915, he met Lokmanya Tilak and Gopal Krishna Gokhale and joined the freedom struggle. Gandhiji launched the non-cooperation movement against the British. All the people of India were with him.
Gandhiji was totally opposed to violence. He was an apostle of peace. With his iron-will and kind manner, he united the people of India in their struggle for freedom. He went to jail many times. Without firing a single bullet, he won independence for India on 15th August,1947.
The partition of India and the death of millions of people in the riots left Gandhiji deeply shattered. He began a fast unto death to stop the killing and succeeded in his aim.
On January 30, 1948, while going for a prayer meeting, Gandhiji was short dead by Nathu Ram Godse. The beloved leader of the nation had passed away, leaving the people of India alone.