Question: Name any two trees of the Alpine Forests.
Answer: Silver fir, pine and junipers.
Question: How many species of birds and fish are known?
Answer: Fish- About 2500 and Birds-Around 1200
Question: Where are the wild asses found in India?
Answer: In Rann of Kachchh (Gujarat) and Rajasthan.
Question: Which is the natural habitat of
(i) Indian lion
Answer: (i) India lions -Gir forests of Gujarat,
(ii) Tigers – Forests of Madhya Pradesh.
Question: Explain with example how temperature can affect the type of vegetation?
Answer: On the slopes of the Himalayas, and hills of the Peninsula above, the height of 915m, the fall in the temperature affects the types of vegetation, an£ its growth and changes it from tropical to subtropical temperature in the alpine vegetation.
Question: Name two areas where the thorn and the scrub forests are formed.
Answer: Punjab plains, Northern Madhya Pradesh, South-West Uttar Pradesh, (Bundelkhand plateau).
Question: Name any two biosphere reserves.
Answer: Nilgiri (Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka), Nanda Devi (Uttarakhand).
Question: Name two endangered species of wildlife.
Answer: Tiger and rhinoceros.
Question: How are the habitats of camels and those of one Horned rhinoceros diametrically opposite to each other ?
Answer: Camels are found in Rajasthan where as the one-homed rhinoceros are found in Assam and North-West Bengal.
Question: Name any two states of India where elephants are found.
Answer: Assam, Kerala and Karnataka.
Question: Name any two biosphere reserves of India and their location.
- Manas – Assam
- Sundarbans – West Bengal
Question: What is India’s rank in the world and in Asia in plant diversity?
Answer: In the world – Tenth In Asia – Fourth.
Question: Name any one medicinal plant.
Question: Why are the leaves of the Thorn forests small and stems succulent?
Answer: Leaves of the Thom Forests are mostly small to minimise evaporation, and the stems are succulent to conserve water.
Question: Where is the Alpine Vegetation found?
Answer: At high altitudes, generally more than 3,600 metres above the sea-level.
Question: How many species of animals does India possess?
Answer: More than 90,000 species of animals.
Question: What are endangered species?
Answer: The plant and animal species which are in danger of getting extinct are called the endangered species.
Question: How many plant species are endangered?
Answer: About 1300 plant species are endangered.
Question: Name any two states where tigers are found.
Answer: Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal.