History and Sport: The Story of Cricket – Page [II]
Question: ‘Despite the exclusiveness of the white cricket elite in the West Indies, the game became hugely popular in the Caribbean.’ Give two reasons.
- Success at cricket became a measure of racial equality and political progress.
- At the time of their independence many of the political leaders of the Caribbean countries like Forbes Burnham and Eric Williams saw in the game a chance for self-respect and international standing. When the West Indies won its first Test series against England in 1950, it was celebrated as a national achievement, as a way of demonstrating that the West Indians were the equals of the white Englishmen.
Question: ‘When the West Indies won its first Test series against England in 1950, it was celebrated as a national achievement.’ Give two reasons.
- The West Indies team that won was captained by a white player.
- The West Indies cricket team represented not one nation, but several dominions that later became independent countries.
Question: Which was the first Indian cricket club?
Answer: The first Indian club, the Calcutta cricket club, was established in 1792.
Question: Which Indian community was the first to play cricket in India? Why?
Answer: The Parsis, because they were close to Britishers due to their interest in trade and secondly, it was the first community to westernise.
Question: Name’ any two teams that participated in the Pentangular Tournament.
- The Europeans
- The Parsis
- The Hindus
- The Muslims
- The Rest
Question: With reference to the Indian cricket answer the following questions.
(i) Who was India’s first Test Captain?
(ii) When did India enter the world of Test Cricket?
Answer: (i) C.K. Nayudu (ii) 1932
Question: Why Mahatma Gandhi condemned the Pent angular competition of Calcutta?
Answer: Mahatma Gandhi, condemned the Pent-angular Tournament as a communally divisive competition that was out of place in a time when nationalists were trying to unite India’s diverse population.
Question: ‘The year 1971 was a landmark year in the history of cricket’. Justify by giving example.
Answer: It was the year when the first One-Day International was played between England and Australia.
Question: When was the first One-Day World Cup played?
Question: Which country was following the racial segregation policy? Name any three countries which played against the country in spite of this policy.
Answer: South Africa, was following the segregation policy. New Zealand, Australia and England were played against South Africa.
Question: The year 1970 and 1971 were notable for the world cricket. Give reasons.
- In the year, 1970 South Africa, which was following a policy of racial segregation, was expelled from the (ICC) International Cricket Council membership.
- The year, 1971 is notable because the first one day international was played between England and Australia.
Question: Who was Kerry Packer?
Answer: Kerry Packer, an Australian television tycoon, who saw the money-making potential of cricket as a televised sport, signed up 51 of the world’s leading cricketers against the wishes of the national cricket boards, and for about two years, staged unofficial Tests and One-Day Internationals under the name of World Series Cricket.
Question: ‘In the last 50 years, the cricket’s centre of gravity has shifted to South Asia.’ Give two reasons.
- England and Australia no longer enjoy the veto power.
- The name of the body which controls the cricket has been changed from the Imperial Cricket Conference to International Cricket Council.
Question: When were the first laws of cricket drawn up? Mention any three such laws.
Mention the first written Laws of Cricket’ drawn up in 1744.
Describe the first written laws of cricket.
Answer: The first written laws of cricket were drawn in 1774.
- The principals shall choose from amongst the gentleman present two umpires who shall absolutely decide all disputes.
- Stumps must be 22 inches high and the bail across them six inches.
- Balls must be between 5 to 6 ounces.
Question: Mention any three peculiarities of Test Cricket.
Why is cricket called a peculiar game? Give any three reasons. [CBSE 2014]
- A match can go on for five days and still end in a draw.
- No specification regarding the size or shape of the ground.
- There were no limits on the shape or size of the bat.