Question: Mention different types of activities of the tribal people.
- Some practiced Jhum cultivation
- Some were hunter-gatherers
- Some herded animals
- Some took to settled cultivation
Question: Why did the British want tribal groups to settle down and become peasant cultivators?
Answer: It was because settled peasants were easier to control and administer than people who were always on the move.
Question: Why did the British introduce land settlements?
Answer: They did so in order to get a regular revenue source for the state.
Question: Why were some forests classified as Reserved Forests?
Answer: These forests produced timber which the British wanted.
Question: What problem did the British face after they stopped the tribal people from living inside forests?
Answer: They faced the problem of shortage of labour.
Question: Why did the Forest Department establish forest villages?
Answer: It did so in order to ensure a regular supply of cheap labour.
Question: How did the tribal groups view the market and the traders?
Answer: They viewed them as their main enemies.
Question: Who was Birsa?
Answer: Birsa belonged to a family of Mundas, a tribal group that lived in Chottanagpur.
Question: What did people say about him?
Answer: People said that he had miraculous powers. He could cure all diseases and multiply grain.
Question: What problems did Birsa set out to resolve?
- The familiar ways of tribal seemed to be disappearing
- Their livelihoods were under threat
- The religion appeared to be in danger. Birsa set out to resolve these problems
Question: Who were the outsiders being referred to as dikus?
Answer: Traders, moneylenders, missionaries, Hindu landlords and the British were the outsiders being referred to as dikus.
Question: On what charges was Birsa convicted?
Answer: Birsa was convicted on the charges of rioting.
Question: When did Birsa die and how?
Answer: He died of cholera in 1900.
Question: When and where was the forest satyagraha staged?
Answer: The forest satyagraha occurred in 1930s in the Central Provinces.