Tuesday , February 25 2020

NCERT 8th Class (CBSE) Social Science: The Parliamentary System

Question: What are the three major duties of the Parliament?

Answer: The three major duties of the Parliament are:

  1. To Select the National Government
  2. To Control, Guide and Inform the Government
  3. Law-Making

Question: How is a National government selected?

Answer: After the Lok Sabha elections, a list is prepared showing how many MPs belonging to each political party have won the elections. The Political party which has the majority of MPs will form the National government.
A majority Party should have at least 272 MPs, that is, more than half of the total number of MPs in the Lok Sabha.

Question: What is ‘Question hour’ in Parliament?

Answer: The first hour of every sitting during a Parliament Session is called the Question Hour. During ‘Question hour’ Questions are posed by members to specific government ministries. The concerned Ministries have to answer these Questions on a fixed date.

The Questions asked during ‘Question Hour’ highlights the shortcomings of the Government and also bring to light the opinion of the citizen through their representatives, namely the MPs.

This Question Hour helps the Parliament to control the Executive (Government).

Question: Write a brief note on the Members of Parliament.

Answer: The Members of Parliament are from different backgrounds. Many members are from rural areas and from regional parties.

Groups and peoples that were not unrepresented so far, are beginning to get elected to the Parliament. Today there are more number of people from the Dalit and backward castes and the minorities, in Parliament.

It is good to have representatives in the Parliament from all sections of society, so that every Indian will be represented in the decision- making body.

Question: How can all the citizens participate in the decision–making process of the government?

Answer: In a democracy general elections are held and all adults have a right to vote. The citizens elect a few people to represent them in the Parliament. The Parliament is made up of all these representatives. These representatives are known as Members of the Parliament. One group, from among these elected representatives forms the government. It is through these representatives that the citizens take part in the decision-making of the government.

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