Thursday , May 28 2020
Industry

NCERT 8th Class (CBSE) Social Science: Manufacturing Industries

Question: Define industry.

Answer: Industry refers to an economic activity that is concerned with production of goods, extraction of minerals or provision of services.

Question: Name three common methods of classifying industries.

Answer: Industries are classified according to raw material used, size and ownership.

Question: Expand the abbreviation AMUL. Where are its headquarters?

Answer: Anand Milk Union Limited. Its headquarters are in Anand, Gujarat.

Question: Name four common processes involved in a textile industry.

Answer: Ginning, spinning, weaving, dyeing are processes involved in a textile industry.

Question: Name an industrial region in northern India.

Answer: The Gurgaon-Delhi-Meerut region is an industrial region in northern India.

Question: Name some elements alloyed with steel.

Answer: Aluminium, nickel and copper are elements that are alloyed with steel.

Question: What products do industrial plants in Jamshedpur produce?

Answer: Industrial plants produce chemicals, locomotive parts, agricultural equipment, machinery, tinplate, etc.

Question: What is the link between the mines and the industry in Pittsburgh?

Answer: The Great Lakes of North America lie between the mines and industrial plant in Pittsburgh.

Question: Name two natural fibres and two human-made fibres.

Answer: Two natural fibres: wool, silk. Two human-made fibres: nylon, polyester.

Question: Give a reason for the fact that cotton textile industry in India could not compete with that in the West initially.

Answer: The production of hand woven cotton textile in India was expensive and time-consuming, so it could not compete with the Western standards.

Question: What industries have started replacing the textile industry in Osaka?

Answer: Iron and steel, machinery, shipbuilding, automobiles, electrical equipment and cement industry have begun to replace the textile industry in Osaka.

Question: Why is Bangalore called “Silicon Plateau”?

Answer: Bangalore is called Silicon Plateau because of the IT industry there, and the word “plateau” refers to the Deccan Plateau where it is located.

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