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NCERT 8th Class (CBSE) Social Science: Industries – Comparative Studies

Question: Name large scale industries.

Answer: The large scale industries are as under:

  1. Textile industries
  2. Iron and Steel industry
  3. Sugar industry
  4. Cement industry
  5. Aircraft industry

Question: Why is iron and steel industry called basic industry?

Answer: The iron and steel industry is called a basic industry because it provides iron and steel for manufacturing tool and machines for various cotton is transformed into cloth which is of greater utility.

Question: Name the important centers of cotton textile industry.

Answer: Important centers of cotton textile industry are Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Coimbatore, Sholapur, Kolkata, Kanpur, Nagpur and Indore.

Question: What are the factors which favor Mumbai-Pune industrial complex?

Answer: The factors which favour the growth of this region are as follow:

  1. Nearness to cotton growing areas.
  2. Availability of power from Tata Hydro Station.
  3. Mumbai provides port facilities.
  4. Availability of cheap labour.
  5. Cheap transport facilities.

Question: How did Jamshedpur become the hub of economic activities?

Answer: The growth and development of  Tata Steel made Jamshedpur a hub of economic activities. A number of factories, technical institutes and metallurgical laboratories were set up in the city. Other factories include machine tools, heavy vehicles, diesel engines and locomotives, agricultural machinery and tin plates. Tata Steel makes major contribution in the total iron and steel production in India.

Question: Name the factors responsible for the growth of iron and steel industry in Pittsburgh?

Answer: Bengaluru has become the key location for the information technology industry. The city enjoys the following advantages for the location of industry.

  1. Presence of many high-tech industries.
  2. Highly educated and skilled labour force.
  3. Science, engineering and technology are well-developed.
  4. Strong support from the state and the central governments.

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