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NCERT 8th Class (CBSE) Social Science: India After Independence

Question: When was the Indian Constitution adopted?

Answer: The Indian Constitution was adopted on 26 January, 1950.

Question: Which step has been described as revolutionary?

Answer: All Indians above the age of 21 would be allowed to vote in state and national elections.

Question: On what point did Nathuram Godse disagree with Gandhiji?

Answer: Nathuram Godse disagreed with Gandhiji’s conviction that Hindus and Muslims should live together in harmony.

Question: Name two subjects of the State List.

Answer: Education and health.

Question: Name two subjects of the Concurrent List.

Answer: Forests and agriculture.

Question: Who was Potti Sriramulu?

Answer: He was a veteran Gandhian who went on a hunger strike demanding the formation of Andhra state to protect the interests of Telugu speakers.

Question: When did the new state of Andhra Pradesh come into existence?

Answer: The new state of Andhra Pradesh came into existence on 1 October, 1953.

Question: What were the points of focus of the Second Five Year Plan?

Answer:

  1. Development of heavy industries.
  2. Building of large dams.

Question: How was the Bhilai Steel Plant viewed?

Answer: The Bhilai Steel Plant was viewed as an important sign of the development of modem India after Independence.

Question: What was the basic objective of the foreign policy of Independent India?

Answer: The basic objective of the foreign policy of Independent India was non-alignment, i.e. the American and Soviet alliances.

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