Tuesday , November 24 2020

NCERT 8th Class (CBSE) Social Science: Government For Development

Question: What is a Government Budget?

Answer: The government plans its expenditure, making a clear statement on the amount of money it is going to spend on each facility.

This statement is called the ‘Government Budget’ and is presented in the Parliament and Legislature every year in the month February / March.

Question:What is sanitation?

Answer: Sanitation is measures taken up by the government to protect public health through proper solid waste disposal, sewage disposal, and cleanliness during food processing and preparation.

Question: Write a short note on Sulabh International.

Answer: Sulabh International is an Indian based social service organization which works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms through education. Sulabh was founded by Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak in 1970 and has 50,000 volunteers.

The organization constructs and maintains pay-&-use public toilets, popularly known as Sulabh Complexes with bath, laundry and urinal facilities being used by about ten million people every day.

There are more than 7,500 public toilet blocks and 1.2 million private toilets. The majority of the users of Sulabh facilities are from the poor working class.

Question: Why do you think there are so few cases of private water supply in the world?

Answer: Water is a basic necessity for all. Nobody can live without water. Hence, universal access to safe drinking water is necessary for quality of life. Many water borne diseases can be prevented by providing safe drinking water to people. This also helps in bringing down the child mortality rate.

In view of this, water needs to be supplied either free of charge or at a charge that is affordable by everyone. Private companies operate with the main goal of earning maximum profit. Hence, a private company cannot be in a position to supply water at a rate which is affordable to all people. Due to this, there are very few cases of private water supply in the world.

Question: Why are most of the private hospitals and private schools located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas?

Answer: The private hospitals and private schools are opened with the sole motive of earning profit. They charge high amount of money from their customers. The hefty amount of money; charged by such hospitals and schools; can only be affordable for some selected people even in cities. There would be nobody to afford such a high cost in towns and villages. Hence, most of the private hospitals and private schools are located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas.

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