Question: Name the different languages that William Jones studied.
Answer. Greek, Latin, English, French, Arabic and Persian.
Question: Why was Calcutta Madrasa set up?
Answer: Calcutta Madrasa was set up to promote the study of Arabic, Persian and Islamic law.
Question: Why was the Hindu College established in Benaras?
Answer: The Hindu College was established in Benaras to encourage the study of ancient Sanskrit texts that would be useful for the administration of the country.
Question: Name two individuals who sharply attacked the Orientalists.
Answer: James Mill and Thomas Babington Macaulay.
Question: What did Thomas Macaulay urge the British government in India?
Answer: Thomas Macaulay urged the British government in India to stop wasting public money in promoting Oriental learning for it was of no practical use.
Question: How were Oriental institutions like the Calcutta Madrasa and Benaras Sanskrit College viewed by the British?
Answer: These Oriental institutions were viewed as temples of darkness that were falling of themselves into decay.
Question: Name the places where the British established universities.
Answer: Calcutta, Madras and Bombay.
Question: Where were classes held under the system of pathshalas?
Answer: Classes were held under a banyan tree or in the comer of a village shop or temple or at the guru’s home.
Question: What type of education was given to the children in pathshalas?
Answer: Children were given oral education in pathshalas.
Question: Why were classes not held during harvest time?
Answer: It was because rural children had to work in the fields during harvest time.
Question: What task was assigned to the pandit by the Company?
Answer: The Company assigned the pandit to visit the pathshalas and try to improve the standard of teaching.
Question: Name two Indians who reacted against Western education.
Answer: Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore.
Question: What do you mean by Tagore’s abode of peace?
Answer: Tagore’s Shantmiketan was established in a rural setting, 100 kilometers away from Calcutta. As it was far from the din and bustle of the city it was an abode of peace.
Question: How did Tagore view his school namely Shantmiketan?
Answer: He viewed his school as an abode of peace where living in harmony with nature, children would cultivate their natural creativity.