Question: Why is the legislative council called a permanent body?
Answer: The legislative council is called a permanent body because it cannot be dissolved. Every second year one-third of its member who complete their term retire.
Question: How are representatives to the Vidhan Sabha elected? How have the territorial constituencies for assembly seats been set up?
Answer: Representatives to the Vidhan Sabha are directly elected by the people from assembly constituencies within the state. The territorial constituencies have been set up in such a way as to ensure proportional representatives of the population in the assembly.
Question: What do you understand by The Governor can hold office during the pleasure of the president? What qualifications are needed to become the governor of a state?
Answer: It means that a governor can be removed by the president at any time. The term can be extended as well. To be eligible for the post of a governor:
- A person must be a citizen of India.
- He or she should be at best 35 years of age.
- She or he cannot be a member of parliament or state legislatures.
- He or she should not hold any salaried government post .
Question: Name the civil servants who carry out the administrative work in a state.
Answer: The civil servants who carry out the administrative work in a state include. Chief secretary, Deputy secretaries, under secretaries, directors and Deputy directors.
The state is divided into administrative units called divisions. Which are looked after by Divisional Commissioners. These is turn are divided into districts, administered by District Magistrates.
Question: How are members elected to the legislative council?
Answer: Members are elected to the Legislative Council by:
- The legislative council is a port-nominated and part-elected body.
- The common People are only indirectly invited in the election to the courts.
- The local authorities constitution one-third of the members. The graduates’ and Teacher’ constitution elect one-twelfth each, and the MLA’s elect one-third of the council members. The remaining seats are filled by people nominated by the governor. Usually nominated persons from various fields are nominated to the council.
Question: What are the steps involved in the process of a bill becoming an act?
Answer: The steps are:
- A bill or the draft of a process of a proposed low is introduced ether in the legislative assembly or in the legislative council of the state.
- It is discussed in the house and amendments are made, if necessary, before it is put to note.
- If the bill is passed, it is sent to the governor for approval it becomes an act only after the governor signs it.