Question: What was the atm of the thinkers in the society?
Answer: The thinkers wanted to understand the ongoing changes in the society and try to find out the true meaning of life.
Question: What did the Buddha do after his enlightenment?
Answer: The Buddha went to Sarnath and taught for the first time. He spent the rest of his life travelling and teaching people.
Question: What was the ‘Karma’ according to the Buddha?
Answer: ‘Karma’ refers to our actions – good or bad.
Question: How did the Buddha connect to everyone in the society?
Answer: The Buddha used Prakrit so that everyone could understand his teachings.
Question: What sort of people became Upanishadic thinkers?
Answer: The Upanishadic thinkers consisted of men, especially ‘brahmins’ and ‘rajas’. There were exceptions, however.
Question: What did Mahavira do to attain enlightenment?
Ans: Mahavira left home at the age of thirty. Then he spent twelve years in forest and led a hard and lonely life. Then he got enlightenment.
Question: State two basic rules of Jainism:
- The Jains had to beg for food.
- They were to be absolutely honest.
Question: Name the book which gives the rules of the Buddhist ‘Sangha’.
Answer: The Vinaya Pitaka gives the rules made for the Buddhist ‘Sangha’.
Question: Who all joined the ‘Sangha’?
Answer: Those who joined the ‘sangha’ included ‘Brahmins’, Kshatriyas’, merchants, labourers, slaves, etc.
Question: How did monks take shelter in the rainy season?
Answer: The monks got temporary shelters built during rainy season, or they lived in caves.