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NCERT 6th Class (CBSE) Social Science: India – Climatic Conditions

Question: Name the main seasons in India and their duration in the year?

Answer:

  1. The Cold Weather season starts from the middle of November and continues till the middle of March.
  2. The hot weather season starts from the middle of  March and continues till the end of May.
  3. The south-west monsoon season starts from June and continues till the end of September.
  4. The season of retreating monsoon starts from middle of September and continues up to the middle of November.

Question: What do you know about the general temperature during the cold weather season?

Answer: The temperature is generally low and decreases from south to north. The days are generally warm, while nights are cold. January and February are the coldest months in many parts of India.

Question: What is the weather condition in the northern plains during the hot weather season?

Answer: During these months almost every part of India experiences hot and dry weather. Even the nights are warm. Hot, dry, dust-laden strong winds, locally called too below over large parts of the northern plains. Dust storms are common in the evening.

Question: How is the monsoon season different from the retreating monsoon season?

Answer: The different between the monsoon season and the retreating season is that during the monsoon season the winds that come from the Indian ocean bring a large amount of moisture with them and causes rainfall in the country. On the other hand, the retreating monsoon season is the period of change from monsoon season to winter season.

Question: What are the main factors affecting the climate of India?

Answer: The factors are:

  1. Location: The Tropic of Cancer divides India is located in tropical and subtropical region.
  2. Relief Features: The temperature decreases with increase in altitude. Thus, the temperature is low during the summer season in many parts of the Himalayas. The northern plains remain very hot during this time.
  3. Distance from the Sea: The water bodies around exert a moderating influence on the climatic conditions of the coastal areas. The coastal areas enjoy an equable climate almost throughout the year, while places in the interior experience an extreme climate.

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