Question: What was the Swadeshi Movement?.
Answer: Swadeshi means ‘of one’s own country’ It was meant to popularize the use of Indian goods. People were asked to boycott all foreign goods and use only goods made in India. The movement was joined by a large number of women and students. Huge bonfires were lit in which foreign goods were burnt. The government tried to suppress the movement.
Question: What made Gandhiji decide to fight against injustice?
Answer: Gandhiji decide to fight against the English and also against some of the social and religious practices, especially the caste system. He asked people not to obey the unjust laws made by the government.
Question: What did the revolutionaries believe in? Write the name of some revolutionaries.
Answer: Some young people in Bengal felt that the Moderates and the Radicals had not achieved enough. They believe that the English could be driven out of India only through force. Aurobindo Ghosh, Veer Savarkar and Ajit Singh were the early revolutionaries.