Olympic Value Education: 11th Class – Chapter 2
- It began in 776 BC in Olympia Valley.
- The Ancient Olympic Games were mainly a part of a religious festival in the honor of God Zeus.
- There was a series of athletic competitions held every four year at the sacred site of Olympia.
- The Modern Olympic Games are leading International sporting events in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in variety of competitions.
- The first modern Olympic Games were held on Sunday 24th march 1896 in the Panathenaic Stadium in Athens (Greece).
Objectives Of Modern Olympics
- The main objective of Olympic Games is global unity & sporting friendship.
- To develop the spirit of patriotism and brotherhood in players.
- To pay attention towards physical education and games in all countries.
- To develop the personality, character and health among the youths.
- The credit of starting modern Olympic Games goes to a Frenchman named Baron Pierre De Coubertin who dream up this ambitious project which was inspired by Ancient Olympic.
- The Olympic Motto is inscribed under the emblem which consists of three Latin words – CITIUS, ALTIUS & FORTIUS which means Run Faster, Jump Higher & Throw Stronger.
Flag & Rings
- Baron Pierre de Coubertin designed the flag around 1913.
- The flag has not border and displays five interlocking rings in the center on a plain white background which show the sporting unity and friendship of all people.
- It represents Five continents with different colors:
1. Blue represents Europe
2. Black represents Africa
3. Yellow represents Asia
4. Green represents Australia
5. Red represent America
- Baron Pierre de Coubertin wrote the oath.
- First time it was introduced in 1920 Antwerp games.
- Every athlete promises to play fairly and obey all of the Olympic rules.
- One athlete from host country takes the oath at the opening ceremonies on behalf of all athletes by holds a corner of the Olympic Flag.
- The torch was first introduced in 1936 in the Berlin games.
- Modern Games are opened officially by runners carrying a burning torch from the Temple of Zeus.
- During the opening ceremony, the last runner carries the torch into the Olympic Stadium.
- The flame is then lit from the torch and stays lit until it is extinguished in the closing ceremony.
- It symbolizes Olympic traditions being passed from one generation to the next.
- The flame was first introduced in 1928 Games.
- During Ancient Games, the sun rays were used to light the flame.
- In Modern Games, the torch is used to light the flame.
- It symbolizes “the light of spirit, knowledge and life”.
- The Olympic creed is also known as the Olympic massage.
- It has appeared on the scoreboard of every modern Olympic Games during the opening ceremony.
Olympic Ideals, Objectives And Values
- The main objective of Olympic Games is global unity.
- Baron Pierre de Coubertin explained the objective in his speech at 1908 Olympic Games as “The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part. The essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well”.
- It shows the impotence of Physical training and develops the health and produces the better citizens.
- It was launched in 1961 Eunice Kennedy.
- She made commitment for not only making rules and regulations for dealing mental disabilities but to bring mental retardation out of the darkness.
- The world’s first special Olympic Games were held in July, 1968 in Chicago.
The mission of Special Olympics is to provide sports training to children with intellectual disabilities throughout the year. Mainly emphasis is given to continue opportunities to develop physical fitness. The other qualities like to demonstrate courage, experience opportunities to developed.
The Special Olympics inspire the children with intellectual disabilities to live life in a better way.
Importance Of Special Olympics
- With active participation in sports, the people with intellectual disabilities improve strength, abilities and success.
- It given opportunity to show the skills and dignity of people with intellectual disabilities.
- It promotes togetherness.
- It improves confidence and health.
- It brings together a large and inclusive community of athletes, supporters and families, coaches, volunteers and many others.
- It works without thinking about gender, race, religion, economic or education level.
- Special Olympic have the ability to unite all walks of life.
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
- It was created by Coubertin in 23 June, 1894.
- The IOC is the governing body of Modern Olympic Games.
- It supports and promotes participation in sports all over the world for building a peaceful world without discrimination.
- Headquarter in Switzerland.
Main Function Of IOC
- The venue where the Olympic games will be organized is decided by this committee.
- The promotion of sports / games.
- To promote Sports Ethics & Fair Play.
- Making & regulation for smooth functioning of games.
- Fight against doping.
- Fight against political abuse of sports & athletes.
- Fight against any form of discrimination affecting the Olympic Movement.
- Encourage & promotion of women in sports.
International Para Olympic Committee (IPC)
- It was created in 22nd September 1989 in Germany.
- It is the International governing body of sports which deals with Disabled athletes.
- To enable Paralympic athletes to achieve sporting excellence and inspire & excite the world.
- It supervises the Para Olympic Summer & Winter Games.
- It has 161 National Para Olympic Committees and 4 disability specific sports federations.
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)
- It was created in 10th November 1999 in Lausanne.
- To promote and coordinate the fight against doping in sport internationally.
World Olympians Association (WOA)
- It is an independent global organization representing Olympians.
- It was established in 1994 at Paris in the Centennial Olympic Congress by the president Samaranch.
- The WOA was founded to involve nearly 100,000 Olympians around the world in the activities of the Olympic movement.
Indian Olympic Association (IOA)
- It was created in 1927 and affiliated by IOC.
- It was created by Sir Dorabji Tata & Dr. A.G Noehren.
- The selection of National Teams is done by such Sports Federations and they recommend to IOA.
- It sends the Indian Contingent for Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, Asian and South Asian Games.
Objectives Of IOA
- Development & promotion of Olympic Movement.
- To obey and protects the rights of IOC.
- To encourage the youths for physical, moral & cultural education.
- To take strict actions against misbehavior.
- To create national Olympic academies & museums related to Olympic.
- To oppose the discrimination on ground of races, religion, gender, caste & color.
Important Questions On Olympic Value Education:
Olympic Value Education: Questions Carrying 03 Marks
- Write about first Ancient Olympic event.
- Explain about the inaugural winter Olympics.
- Write about Olympic torch.
- Elaborate objectives of IOC.
- Write about WADA.
- Describe International Para Committee.
- Explain the mission and vision of Special Olympics.
- What is Athletes commission of IOA?
- Elaborate the objectives of Modern Olympic Games.
- Explain the Olympic Ideals.
- Elaborate Olympic flame.
Olympic Value Education: Questions Carrying 05 Marks
- Write about Ancient Olympic Games.
- Write a detailed note on Modern Olympic Games.
- Describe about Paralympics.
- Explain Special Olympics.
- Elaborate Olympic Symbols.
- What is the role of International Olympic Committee?
- Explain the role of Indian Olympic Association.