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Rise of Nationalism in Europe: 10th History

Question: Who was Frederic Sorrier?

Answer: Frederic Sorrier was a painter.

Question: In which year did Frederic Sorrier prepare a series of four prints?

Answer: In 1848

Question: Which famous French artist had prepared a series of four prints visualising his dreams of a world?

Answer: Frederic Sorrier

Question: What brought sweeping changes in the political and mental world of Europe in the 19th century?

Answer: The emergence of the nation-state

Question: What was the main aim of the French revolutionaries?

Answer: The main aim of the French revolutionaries was to introduce various measures create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people.

Question: Describe the events of French Revolution which had influenced the people belonging to other parts of Europe.

Answer: Liberalism, the end of many feudal or traditional laws and practices in French Revolution had influenced the people belonging to other parts of Europe.

Question: What was the main objective of the Treaty of Vienna of 1815?

Answer: To undo the changes brought about in Europe during Napoleonic wars.

Question: Who hosted the Congress of Vienna in 1815?

Answer: Duke Metternich

Question: Who said, “True German culture is to be discovered among common people? It

Answer: Johann Gottfried Herder

Question: Which treaty recognised Greece as an independent nation?

Answer: Treaty of Constantinople

Question: Who was proclaimed German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles in January 1871?

Answer: The Prussian king, William I, was proclaimed German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles in January 187

Question: Who was Count Cavour?

Answer: The Chief Minister of Italy

Question: Name a famous Italian Revolutionary.

Answer: Giuseppe Mazzini

Question: How was the United Kingdom of Great Britain formed?

Answer: By the Act of Union, 1707

Question: Name the allegory which represented the Republic of France.

Answer: Statue of Marianne

Question: What does the crown of oak leaves worn by Germania stand for

Answer: Heroism

Question: In France, whose images were marked on coins and stamps during the 1850s?

Answer: Marianne

Question: Name the region whose habitats were broadly known as Slays.

Answer: The Balkan region

Question: Which countries wanted to control Balkans?

Answer: Germany, Austria-Hungary, England

Question: Which country was not interested in the Balkan Peninsula?

Answer: Japan

Question: What does Nation-State mean?

Answer: A nation-state was one in which the majority of its citizens, and not only its rulers, came to develop a sense of common identity and shared history or descent.

Question: What is meant by Absolutist?

Answer: Absolutist is a government or system of rule that has no restraints on the power exercised. In history, the term refers to a form of monarchical government that was centralised, militarised and repressive.

Question: What major changes occurred in the political and constitutional scenario due to French Revolution in Europe?

Answer: The French revolution led to the transfer of sovereignty from the monarchy to a body of French citizens.

Question: What is meant by Modern state?

Answer: Modern state is a state in which a centralised power exercised sovereign control over a clearly defined territory.

Question: What is meant by Nationalism?

Answer: Nationalism is a sense of identity with the nation

Question: What do the ideas of la Patrie and le Citoyen emphasise?

Answer: The ideas of la patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyen (the citizen) emphasised the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution.

Question: Which revolution was the first clear expression of nationalism?

Answer: French Revolution

Question: When did Napoleonic war begin?

Answer: The Napoleonic war began in 1797 when Napoleon invaded Italy.

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