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Resources and development: 10th Geography

Resources and development: 10th Geography

Question: How can the resources be classified on the basis of origin?

Answer: Biotic and Abiotic.

Question: What are abiotic resources?

Answer: All those things which are composed of non – living things are called abiotic resources.

Question: A gas reserve has been discovered in an Ocean. The reserve is 19 km from the coast of the nation. Will it be considered an international resource or a national resource.

Answer: All the resources upto 12 nautical miles (19.2 km) from the coast are termed as national resources. So this will be a national resource.

Question: “There is enough for everybody’s need and not for anybody’s greed”. Who said these words?

Answer: Mahatma Gandhi

Question: It is important to use the available land for various purposes with careful planning”. Give reason.

Answer: Because land is an asset of a finite magnitude.

Question: HOW can the resources be divided on the basis of exhaustibility?

Answer: Renewable and Non-renewable.

Question: Classify the following resources as biotic and abiotic.
(i) Metals
(ii) Fauna


  1. Metals – abiotic
  2. Fauna – biotic

Question: Give a single word for the following:
(1) Materials which have the potential to satisfy human needs but human beings do not have the appropriate technology.
(2) The resources which can be renewed or reproduced by physical, chemical or mechanical processes.


  1. Stock
  2. Renewable

Question: Name any two states of India which are well endowed with solar energy.

Answer: Gujarat and Rajasthan.

Question: Name any two factors on which resource development depends.


  1. Technology
  2. Quality of human resources.

Question: What is total geographical area of India?

Answer: 3.28 million sq. km.

Question: Mention any two factors which determines the land use pattern of a nation.


  1. Topography
  2. Population

Question: What is wasteland?

Answer: An unused area of land like rocky, arid and desert areas.

Question: What is net sown area?

Answer: Area sown once a year is known as net sown area.

Question: What is gross sown area?

Answer: This represents the total sown area once/or more than once in a particular year i.e. the area is counted as many as times as there are showings in a year.

Question: Name any two states which have high percentage of net sown area.

Answer: Punjab and Haryana.

Question: Name any two states Which have very low percentage of net sown area.

Answer: Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram

Question: How much degraded land is present in India?

Answer: 130 million hectares.

Question: Name any two states where over grazing is one of the main reasons for land degradation.


  1. Madhya Pradesh
  2. Rajasthan

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