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Manufacturing Industries: 10th Social Science

Question: Name two most important sugar producing states of India.

Answer: Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra

Question: Name three major air pollutants.

Answer: Air borne dust, smoke and undesirable gases are three major air pollutants.

Question: List four Agro based industries.

Answer: Sugar, edible oil, cotton and silk are Agro based industries.

Question: Mention 4 raw materials needed for a cement industry.

Answer: Lime stone, silica, alumina and gypsum are the raw materials needed for a cement industry

Question: Name two iron and steel producing plants each of Karnataka and West Bengal.

Answer: Iron and steel plants of Karnataka are – Bhadravati and Vijayanagar, West Bengal- Durgapur and Burnpur.

Question: Name five electronic goods producing centers of India.

Answer: Five electronic goods producing centers are Bangalore, Hyderabad, Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai.

Question: What is the annual production of cement in the country at present?

Answer: 131 million tones production of cement per annum in India.

Question: What is manufacturing?

Answer: Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products, is called manufacturing.

Question: When and where was the first cotton mill set up?

Answer: The first Indian cotton mill, “The Bombay Spinning Mill”, was opened in 1854 in Bombay by Cowasji Nanabhai Davar. Opposition from the Lancashire mill owners was eventually offset by the support of the British manufacturers of textile machinery. By 1870 there were 13 mills in Bombay.

Question: Why Indian cotton suffered a set up during colonial period?

Answer: 18th century – During the colonial period, the competition of mill-made cloth from England destroyed the Indian textiles industry.

Question: Name any three physical factors that affect location of the industry.

Answer: The three factors are

  1. Availability of raw materials
  2. Power resources
  3. Favorable climate

Question: Name the three physical factors that affect location of industries.

Answer: The three factors are

  1. Availability of raw materials
  2. Power resources
  3. Favorable climate

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