Question: What is horticulture?
Answer: Intensive cultivation of vegetables, fruits and flowers is known as horticulture.
Question: Name an equatorial crop which is grown in India.
Question: Name the rubber producing states of India.
Answer: Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andaman and Nicobar.
Question: Name any four fibre crops of India.
Answer: Cotton, jute, hemp and natural silk are the four major fibre crops of India.
Question: What is sericulture?
Answer: Rearing of silkworms for the production of silk fibre is known as sericulture.
Question: Name a fibre crop which is obtained from cocoons of the silkworm.
Question: Name two cotton producing states of India.
Answer: Maharashtra, Gujarat.
Question: Which region is ideal for’the cultivation of cotton?
Answer: Black soil region of Deccan Trap is ideal for the cotton cultivation.
Question: Name the states which are the leading producers of cotton.
Answer: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.
Question: Which fibre is known as the golden fibre?
Question: Name the chief producer of jute in India.
Answer: West Bengal.
Question: What is package technology? What was its result?
Answer: Under package technology combination or package of many improved methods of cultivation are adopted simultaneously in order to increase agricultural production. This lead to ‘Green Revolution’.
Question: What is White Revolution?
Answer: Increase in production of milk is known as white revolution. It is also known as operation flood.
Question: Name two schemes introduced by the Government of India for the benefit of the farmers.
Answer: (i) Kissan Credit Card (KCC) were introduced, (ii) Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) was also introduced.
Question: ‘The decline share of agriculture in the GDP is a matter of serious concern’. Give reason.
Answer: Because any decline and stagnation in agriculture will lead to a decline in other spheres of the economy having wider implications for the society.
Question: What is Gross Cultivated Area?
Answer: The net sown area and the land cultivated more than once, together make gross cultivated area.
Question: Name any two dry crops?
Answer: Jawar, bajra.
Question: What is dry land farming?
Answer: It is a type of farming which is practised in scanty rainfall areas and where irrigation facilities are inadequate, e.g., cultivation of jowar and bajra.
Question: What is wet land farming?
Answer: It is a type of farming which is practised in high rainfall and irrigated areas, e.g., cultivation of rice and sugarcane.
Question: What is net sown area?
Answer: The land cultivated in a year is known as net sown area.
Question: Name two natural fibres except cotton.
Answer: Jute and flax.
Question: Name any four crops which are cultivated under shifting agriculture.
Answer: (1) Maize (2) Millet (3) Vegetables (4) Dry paddy
Question: Why shifting agriculture is discouraged?
Answer: (i) It leads to deforestation.
(ii) The per hectare yield is very low.
Question: Which states are the major producers of jute in India?
Answer: West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and Meghalya.
Question: Name any three cash crops.
Answer: Rubber, tobacco and cotton.
Question: How has climate made our land more valuable from the agricultural point of view? Give two points.
Answer: Due to wide climatic variations, all kinds of crops can be grown.
Question: List two characteristics of Green Revolution.
- Increase in production of wheat and rice,
- Use of high yielding varieties of wheat and rice.
Question: ‘Diversification of agriculture can be helpful for the Indian farmers.’ Explain.
- Most of the traditional crops like wheat and rice have very low market value as compare to fruits, medicinal herbs, flowers etc.
- India’s diverse climate can be harnessed to grow a wide range of high value crops.
- This type of shifting allows nature to replenish the fertility of the soil through natural processes; land productivity in this