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Agriculture: 10 Class CBSE Geography

Question: What is horticulture?

Answer: Intensive cultivation of vegetables, fruits and flowers is known as horticulture.

Question: Name an equatorial crop which is grown in India.

Answer: Rubber.

Question: Name the rubber producing states of India.

Answer: Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andaman and Nicobar.

Question: Name any four fibre crops of India.

Answer: Cotton, jute, hemp and natural silk are the four major fibre crops of India.

Question: What is sericulture?

Answer: Rearing of silkworms for the production of silk fibre is known as sericulture.

Question: Name a fibre crop which is obtained from cocoons of the silkworm.

Answer: Silk.

Question: Name two cotton producing states of India.

Answer: Maharashtra, Gujarat.

Question: Which region is ideal for’the cultivation of cotton?

Answer: Black soil region of Deccan Trap is ideal for the cotton cultivation.

Question: Name the states which are the leading producers of cotton.

Answer: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.

Question: Which fibre is known as the golden fibre?

Answer: Jute.

Question: Name the chief producer of jute in India.

Answer: West Bengal.

Question: What is package technology? What was its result?

Answer: Under package technology combination or package of many improved methods of cultivation are adopted simultaneously in order to increase agricultural production. This lead to ‘Green Revolution’.

Question: What is White Revolution?

Answer: Increase in production of milk is known as white revolution. It is also known as operation flood.

Question: Name two schemes introduced by the Government of India for the benefit of the farmers.

Answer: (i) Kissan Credit Card (KCC) were introduced, (ii) Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) was also introduced.

Question: ‘The decline share of agriculture in the GDP is a matter of serious concern’. Give reason.

Answer: Because any decline and stagnation in agriculture will lead to a decline in other spheres of the economy having wider implications for the society.

Question: What is Gross Cultivated Area?

Answer: The net sown area and the land cultivated more than once, together make gross cultivated area.

Question: Name any two dry crops?

Answer: Jawar, bajra.

Question: What is dry land farming?

Answer: It is a type of farming which is practised in scanty rainfall areas and where irrigation facilities are inadequate, e.g., cultivation of jowar and bajra.

Question: What is wet land farming?

Answer: It is a type of farming which is practised in high rainfall and irrigated areas, e.g., cultivation of rice and sugarcane.

Question: What is net sown area?

Answer: The land cultivated in a year is known as net sown area.

Question: Name two natural fibres except cotton.
Answer: Jute and flax.

Question: Name any four crops which are cultivated under shifting agriculture.

Answer: (1) Maize (2) Millet (3) Vegetables (4) Dry paddy

Question: Why shifting agriculture is discouraged?

Answer: (i) It leads to deforestation.
(ii) The per hectare yield is very low.

Question: Which states are the major producers of jute in India?

Answer: West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and Meghalya.

Question: Name any three cash crops.

Answer: Rubber, tobacco and cotton.

Question: How has climate made our land more valuable from the agricultural point of view? Give two points.

Answer: Due to wide climatic variations, all kinds of crops can be grown.

Question: List two characteristics of Green Revolution.

Answer:

  1. Increase in production of wheat and rice,
  2. Use of high yielding varieties of wheat and rice.

Question: ‘Diversification of agriculture can be helpful for the Indian farmers.’ Explain.

Answer:

  1. Most of the traditional crops like wheat and rice have very low market value as compare to fruits, medicinal herbs, flowers etc.
  2. India’s diverse climate can be harnessed to grow a wide range of high value crops.
    Marks each
  3. This type of shifting allows nature to replenish the fertility of the soil through natural processes; land productivity in this

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